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Development of a high-fideliity transient aerothermal model for a helicopter turboshaft engine for inlet distortion and engine deterioration simulations

Novikov, Yaroslav
Presented in this thesis is the development of a high-fidelity aerothermal model for GE T700 turboshaft engine. The model was constructed using thermodynamic relations governing change of flow properties across engine components, and by applying real component maps for the compressor and turbines as well as empirical relations for specific heats. Included in the model were bleed flows, turbine cooling and heat sink effects. Transient dynamics were modeled using inter-component volumes method in which mass imbalance between two engine components was used to calculate the inter-component pressure. This method allowed fast, high-accuracy and iteration-free calculation of engine states. Developed simulation model was successfully validated against previously published simulation results, and was applied in the simulation of inlet distortion and engine deterioration. Former included simulation of steady state and transient hot gas ingestion as well as transient decrease in the inlet total pressure. Engine deterioration simulations were performed for four different cases of component deterioration with parameters defining engine degradation taken from the literature. Real time capability of the model was achieved by applying time scaling of plenum volumes which allowed for larger simulation time steps at very little cost of numerical accuracy. Finally, T700 model was used to develop a generic model by replacing empirical relations for specific heats with temperature and FAR dependent curve fits, and scaling T700 turbine maps. Developed generic aerothermal model was applied to simulate steady state performance of the Lycoming T53 turboshaft engine.