Dynamic approach to wind sensitive optimum cruise phase flight planning

Yıldız, Güray
A Flight Management System (FMS) performs 4 Dimensional flight planning; Lateral Planning (Calculation of the latitude and longitudes of waypoints), Vertical Planning (Calculation of the altitudes of waypoints) and Temporal Planning(Calculation of Estimated Time of Arrival). Correct and accurate calculation of4D flight path and then guiding the pilot/airplane to track the route in specified accuracy limits in terms of lateral (i.e Required Navigational Performance RNP), vertical (Reduced Vertical Seperation Minima RVSM), and time (Required Time of Arrival RTA) is what FMS performs in brief. Any deviation of planned input values versus actual input values, especially during the emergency cases (i.e burning outoneof engines etc.), causes the aircraft to deviate the plan and requires replanning now taking into consideration the currentsituation. In emergency situations especially in Oceaning Flights (flights whose cruise phase lasts more than 5 hour is called as “Oceaning Flights”) Optimum Cruise Phase Flight Route Planning plays a vital role. In avionics domain “Optimum”does not mean “shortest path” mainly due to the effect of weather data as wind speed and direction directly affects the groundspeed. In the scope of the current thesis, an algorithm employing dynamic programming paradigms will be designed and implemented to find the optimum flight route planning. A top down approach by making use of aircraft route planning ontology will be implemented to fill the gap between the flight plan specific domain knowledge and optimization techniques employed. Where as the algorithm will be generic by encapsulating the aircraft’s performance characteristics; it will be evaluated on C-130 aircraft