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"Spine" as the constructive element of the city : case study Tirana, Albania

Gürsel, Attila
This particular study is about the main boulevard of the city center of Tirana that is the capital of Albania since 1920. The main boulevard, which has a function of a "spine" of the central business district, was designed as an idea by the Italian architects in 1925. The new government needed immediately governmental buildings like minstries, a palace and a strong form that connects all of these facilities together in a monumental way. This "spinal" circulation system was inspired from the urban movements of that time like near city and city beautiful movement. Tirana is studied as the case by the light of historical developments of other cities. The power of the spine and its effect to the macro form of the whole city is analyzed and determined.