The Effects of geometric design parameters on the flow behavior of a dual pulse solid rocket motor during secondary firing

Ertuğrul, Suat Erdem
The ability of a propulsion system is very crucial for the capability of a missile or a rocket system. Unlike liquid propellant rocket motors, the only control mechanism of the thrust value is the propellant geometry in solid propellant rocket motors. When the operation of solid propellant rocket motor has started, it cannot be stopped anymore. For this main reason the advance of dual pulse motor technology has started. The aim of this study is to investigate the geometrical effects of design parameters on the flow behavior of a dual pulse solid propellant rocket motor by using commercial Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) methods. For the CFD analysis, a generic dual pulse rocket motor model is constituted. Within this model, initially four different geometry alternatives of Pulse Separation Device (PSD) are analyzed. To begin PSD analyses, mesh sensitivity analyses are performed on one PSD geometry alternative. By defined grid size, the analyses of PSD geometry alternatives are performed. Computed results were compared in terms of flow behavior (flow streamlines, velocity distribution, turbulent kinetic energy… etc.) with each other. With the selected PSD geometry alternative the effects of L/D ratio (Length/Diameter ratio) of first pulse chamber, Achamb/APSD ratio (Chamber area/PSD opening area) and APSD/Ath ratio (PSD opening area/Throat area) on the flow behavior is investigated. Flow analyses are performed by simulating the unsteady flow of second pulse operation. With the performed analyses, it is aimed to identify generic geometric definitions for a dual pulse rocket motor.


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Citation Formats
S. E. Ertuğrul, “The Effects of geometric design parameters on the flow behavior of a dual pulse solid rocket motor during secondary firing,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2012.