Crisis of Turkish parliamentary democracy through Carl schmitt : 1971-1980

Bulut, Dolunay
This thesis examines the political conditions of Turkey from March 12 1971 to September 12 1980 with the use of Carl Schmitt’s concept of the political, critique of parliamentary democracy and concept of partisan to analyze the relation between main political actors of the period. The main theme of this study is how the friend and enemy distinction would be produced in the interactions of the parliament, the military and partisan and which concepts would be applied to define the friend and enemy. This study argues that the theoretical framework of Carl Schmitt is worth using to examine the given period of Turkish politics. It is also argued that Schmitt’s theoretical framework would provide fruitful theoretical perspective to examine the crisis that Turkish parliamentary democracy experienced between 1971 and 1980 which ended up with a military coup


The question of freedom in political philosophies of thomas hobbes and jean-jacques rousseau
Yiğit, Pervin; Turan, ŞHalil; Department of Philosophy (2007)
This thesis aims to examine the question of freedom in its relation to political authority in social contract theories of Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679) and Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778). In order to do that, discussions on human nature, evolution into political association and the foundations of legitimate governments are focused on. As the social contract theories of Hobbes and Rousseau mainly seek for rational justification of political obligation, the primary aim of this thesis is to analyze the nature o...
Changing publicness of urban parks through time the case of Güvenpark, Ankara
Yılmaz, Aslıhan; Baş Bütüner, Funda; Sargın, Güven Arif; Department of City and Regional Planning (2015)
This thesis discusses the evolution of publicness expressed through different spatial planning approaches and interventions over the history of the Turkish Republic. Urban space is ideological and they are produced in accordance with an ideology. Throughout history, urban spaces undergo transformation and change in accordance with changing economic and socio-political dynamics. These dynamics not only transform urban space, but also affect the conception of publicness in society. In a sense, intervention in...
Socio spatial dimensions of urban crime : Ankara case
Hatipoğlu, Hasan Belya; Şengül, Hüseyin Tarık; Department of Urban Policy Planning and Local Governments (2004)
The main objective of this thesis is to evaluate the question of urban crime and its relationship with the lower income groups in the cities by concentrating in the case study conducted in one of the deprived neighbourhoods of Ankara, namely Hidirliktepe. In the dominant conception on urban crime, there are two main assumptions; urban crime is partly an outcome of urbanization itself and the main actors of urban crime are deprived communities those living in the most deteriorated neighborhoods of the cities...
Political theoretical reading of constitution making and constitutional change processes in Turkey in the framework of Schmitt’s and Habermas’s theories
Güvenç Akçaoğlu, Müge; Deveci, Cem; Department of Political Science and Public Administration (2015)
This thesis engages in a political theoretical reading of constitution making and constitutional change processes in Turkey within the framework of Carl Schmitt’s and Jürgen Habermas’s theories. The first theoretical part of the thesis expounds on the theories of Schmitt and Habermas regarding the legitimacy of constitution making/reforming processes in relation to three subjects, namely the conceptualization of constituent power and its democratic potentials, the conceptualization of the act and text of co...
Democracy in the discourse of Justice and Development Party
Güneş, Aysun; Yıldırım, Erdoğan; Department of Sociology (2014)
The aim of this thesis is to understand the democracy in the discourse of Justice and Development Party (JDP). This is done by examining the discourse of democracy within the frame of JDP‟s conservative democratic identity. JDP makes a separation as old and the new Turkey and claims that JDP government represents the new Turkey. Therefore, this thesis tries to explain which elements the discourse of democracy includes and excludes on the basis of the separation between old and the new Turkey.
Citation Formats
D. Bulut, “Crisis of Turkish parliamentary democracy through Carl schmitt : 1971-1980,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2013.