Good governance in conditions of globalization and Europeanization : public financial management in Turkey from a policy transfer approach

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2013
Özdemir Tsarouhas, Umut Evin
The purpose of this thesis is to explain the process of policy change in public financial management in Turkey. It looks into the interaction between endogenous and exogenous factors affecting the evolution of policy principles and programmes and uses a policy transfer approach. The author compares two periods: the adjustment-oriented (1980-1999) and accession-oriented (1999 onwards) reform eras. Considering the IFIs and the EU as proxies for globalization and Europeanization, the thesis also examines the impact of these institutions on the evolution of the good governance agenda to draw generalizable conclusions regarding the relationship between globalization and Europeanization. The main findings of the study are: first, accession-oriented reform enabled the policy transfer process and resulted in structural changes in public financial management in line with good governance principles. Although conditionality had been more coercive under adjustment-oriented reform, change had remained limited due to the ability of endogenous actors to dominate the scope and pace of change. Secondly, although economic crises triggered reform initiatives in both periods, the crucial factors accounting for transformative policy change in the second period were a) the consolidation of a reformist advocacy coalition, b) the strengthening of civil society and market forces vis-à-vis the state and c) the emergence of the EU as an anchor for change. Finally, the thesis demonstrates that the good governance agenda is an area of ideational and empirical policy convergence between globalization and Europeanization. In that sense, Europeanization facilitates globalization rather than act as an alternative to it.

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Citation Formats
U. E. Özdemir Tsarouhas, “Good governance in conditions of globalization and Europeanization : public financial management in Turkey from a policy transfer approach,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2013.