Making art in the early Turkish Republic : The Academy of Fine Arts in İstanbul and The Art-Craft Department in Ankara

Download
2013
Becker, Martina
This dissertation studies creative practices in the early Turkish Republic alongside their conceptualisation as art, as a means of transcending the epistemic confines of traditional art historiography while addressing phenomena that themselves had little agency in establishing those confines. The study centres on the Academy of Fine Arts in Istanbul and the Art-Craft Department in Ankara. The two schools were not the exclusive sites of creative practices in Turkey, yet, as the only public institutions of professional artistic training, they absorbed and trained many of the practitioners in the country. In the wake of the institutionalisation of art education after the foundation of the Republic, both schools underwent crucial transformations between 1925 and 1934. This was a period of tangible change, of composition and recomposition of the spatial and material conditions of making art. To date, scholarship has addressed these institutions in reference to the conceptual framework of traditional art historiography. This dissertation offers supplementary perspectives by drawing on social-historical and trans-local approaches as well as on Actor-Network-Theory. The investigation follows selected objectual, spatial, and human actors which engendered the work at the Academy of Fine Arts and the Art-Craft Department. Making art implies not only the creation of a work but also the conception of it as art. In the making, abstract ideas were confronted with matter and space, and vice versa. It is this coalescence of practice, conceptualisation, and empirical conditions that facilitates the study of art with the epistemic tools that emerged in its making.

Suggestions

Transformation of architectural space with the aid of artistic production
Özden, Başak; Savaş Sargın, Ayşen; Department of Architecture (2011)
The goal of this thesis is to study the transformation of architectural space with the aid of artistic production. By questioning architectural production as a non-static process open to alteration and intervention, this condition is claimed to enlarge the frontiers of architecture in terms of interdisciplinary contributions and new design methods. Inspired by the course ARCH 524, conducted by Assoc. Prof. Dr. Ayşen Savaş in the METU Department of Architecture, this study aims to understand the possible way...
Architectural interpretations of modernity cultural identity : a comparative study on Sedad Hakkı Eldem and Bruna Taut in early Republican Turkey
Uysal, Zeynep Çiğdem; Altan, Tomris Elvan; Department of Architecture (2004)
The thesis aims to reveal the decisive influence of the tension that stems from the contemporary searches for cultural identity on the architectural production of the early Republican Turkey. It attempts to demonstrate the conceptual and practical strategies that were devised in contemporary architecture for the resolution of the cultural tension by examining the architectural attitudes and practices of Sedad Hakki Eldem and Bruno Taut in the late 1930s and the early 1940s. In the first part, ءcultural iden...
Technology, engineering and modernity in Turkey: the case of road bridges between 1850 and 1960
Örmecioğlu, Hilal Tuğba; Ünay, Ali İhsan; Department of Architecture (2010)
Almost all the sources on modernism originate material transformations in Western world to industrial revolution while mental ones to enlightenment. In all these narrations, technology, engineering, and modernism are considered as correlated. Besides these concepts, the everyday life rituals that were naturally constructed in the historical process also strengthen this attitude. Then, what are the meanings of the same concepts in a country that experience a reverse process instead of the modernization throu...
The formation of a modern city: Antalya, 1920s-1980s
Bölükbaş Dayı, Esin.; Altan, T. Elvan.; Department of History of Architecture (2019)
This dissertation examines the place of the concept of “local” in architectural historiography by focusing on the modernization process of Antalya. The analysis of the process is realized within two major contexts. On the one hand, the “peripheral” position of Antalya in canonic historiography is discussed in the frame of center-periphery relations and central-local actors; on the other hand, the developments both in the city center and its hinterlands are examined through the dualities of rural and urban, ...
Personifying history: Vernon Lee and re-imagining the Florentine renaissance
Kutluata, Cemre Naz; Enginsoy Ekinci, Ayşe Sevil; Department of History of Architecture (2015)
This thesis analyses the alternative approaches to the history writing that emerged during the later half of the nineteenth century with the re-discovery of Florence as the centre of Renaissance art and architecture. It discusses this topic by focusing on the British writer and critic Vernon Lee (1856–1935) and her works on interpreting the past through a personal and impressionistic viewpoint, including her ‘formal’ studies of the Renaissance Euphorion (1884) and Renaissance Fancies and Studies (1895), and...
Citation Formats
M. Becker, “Making art in the early Turkish Republic : The Academy of Fine Arts in İstanbul and The Art-Craft Department in Ankara,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2013.