Turkey’s Kurdish conflict through the lenses of conflict resolution

Çağlayan, Muttalip
This thesis aims to analyze Turkey’s Kurdish conflict in historical and current context by using conflict resolution approaches/tools. The goal is first to investigate how conflict resolution approaches may become helpful in understanding and explaining root causes of the Kurdish conflict, and then to search for which conflict resolution tools may be relevant in ending armed struggle between Turkish state and the PKK. We now experience a negative peace phase in this conflict because there is a mutual ceasefire between the conflict parties since the early months of 2013. In other words, most of the direct violence has today ceased. The thesis, however, argues that both structural and cultural violence that underlie direct violence in Kurdish conflict still continue. Therefore, it reveals that focus on only removing direct violence but not taking structural and cultural violence dimension of the conflict into account will no avail. For a stable peace in this three decades of bloody conflict, this study proposes some conflict resolution tools - third party, mediation, problem solving workshops, negotiation and reconciliation –.


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This dissertation analyzes the context and discourse the Kurdish ethno-nationalism have emerged in modern Turkey. In a critical survey of a selected Kurdish nationalist theories, it tries to analyze the historical and contextual trajectory the nationalist discourse have assumed vis-à-vis Turkish modernity. A particular emphasis is given on how and on what basis Kurdish nationalism has questioned the formation and the sources of the legitimacy of the Turkish state and its role in the making of Turkish modern...
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Ethnic and religious identities in northern Iraq : the case of Erbil
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The purpose of this study is to discuss the role of the religion and language, Islam Kurdish, in the process of Kurdish identity formation in Northern Iraq and to find out the most imperative factor/s in the existing identification of Kurdish identity by relying on the field research conducted in Erbil. The current discussions in the literature generally either emphasized the role of religion by focusing on the tariqat relations, and/or the role of feudal structure of the Kurdish society by focusing on the ...
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This thesis mainly aims to understand the dynamics behind the way in which people who lost family members in the conflict in the Southeastern and Eastern parts of Turkey between the years 1993 and 2006 are positioned as oppositional to each others. It inquires whether their common grief of loosing someone in the family might enable them to act collectively and to ask for peace in Turkey. How are they represented as oppositional groups despite their common grief? Why do they consider each other as belonging ...
Citation Formats
M. Çağlayan, “Turkey’s Kurdish conflict through the lenses of conflict resolution,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2013.