Simulation and verification of security attacks on light-weight RFID protocols

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2014
Ahmed, Saman
Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology is fast reaching all avenues of application. From retail to warehousing, tracking farm animals to monitoring medicine dosage in human body, traffic control to airport baggage control, it is penetrating all forums and industries and providing ease of deployment and automated visibility and management of inventories which was not possible with traditional barcodes. Along with its superiority over barcodes, RFID systems are also required to be costeffective to be fully integrated in commercial products. This means that the price of single tag has to be brought down enough so that it becomes feasible for large scale utilization. Consequently, the commercial tag, which is usually priced between 0.05-0.1 USD, can only contain basic hardware for few logical functions. Hence instead of complex cryptographic solutions, light-weight protocols that require relatively small amount of computations need to be designed to provide security. In this thesis, ultra-lightweight RFID security protocols are examined in light of their security provisions and susceptibility to certain attacks. In particular, LMAP++ protocol presented by Tieyan Li in 2008, is studied and a full disclosure attack presented by Wang Shao-hui et al. in 2012 is applied. It has been seen that this attack is successful and certain new observations have been highlighted. Next, Strong Authentication and Strong Integrity (SASI) protocol, proposed by Hung-Yu Chien in 2007, and Gossamer protocol, proposed by Pedro Peris-Lopez et al. in 2009 to overcome the weakness of LMAP++ have been studied; and a probabilistic attack presented by Eslam Gamal Ahmed in 2010 has been applied on Gossamer. It has been found in this thesis that this attack is unsuccessful, and Gossamer Protocol is in fact, secure against this attack. Further, a Denial-of-Service attack has also been proposed against Gossamer protocol.

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Citation Formats
S. Ahmed, “Simulation and verification of security attacks on light-weight RFID protocols,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2014.