The role of social identity and collective memory in predicting in-group bias and collective action in Turkey‟s alevis

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2014
Bükün, Mehmet Fatih
The aim of this thesis is to examine the relationship between social identity, collective action participation and in-group bias in the Alevi community in Anatolia. In doing this, the mediatory role of collective memory is also investigated. In examining collective memory, one positive event and one negative event that Alevis had lived through in the past were selected (Namely, the re-opening of Haji Bektash Veli Dervish Lodge in 1964 which was closed in 1925 was chosen as the positive event and Madımak Massacre was chosen as the negative event). The cognitive, affective, and evaluative aspects of cognitive memory regarding these two events were taken. The sample consists of 348 Alevis living in different cities of Turkey such as Tunceli, Ankara and Şanlıurfa. The results indicated that different aspect of collective memory played somewhat different mediating roles between the strength of Alevi identification and collective action participation or in-group bias regarding the positive and negative events. The most remarkable result is that while the cognitive component of collective memory of Madımak event played a mediator role between the strength of identification and collective action participation or in-group bias, it showed no such effects in the context of the re-opening of the Haji Bektash Veli dervish lodge. Besides, evaluative aspect of the collective memory of the re-opening of the Haji Bektash Veli dervish lodge played a mediator role between the strength of identification and collective action particion or in-group bias.

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Citation Formats
M. F. Bükün, “The role of social identity and collective memory in predicting in-group bias and collective action in Turkey‟s alevis,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2014.