Segmental concrete box girder bridge thermal analysis based on new Turkish solar zone map developed to assess temperature gradient loading

Yılmaz, Arzu İpek
Solar radiation and daily temperature fluctuation originated non-linear temperature distribution through the depth of the box girder bridge structures cause significant stress development in addition to the ones caused by other load effects such as dead, live and uniform temperature loading on concrete superstructure. Unfortunately, the significance of hourly temperature gradient changes on segmental bridge design had not been addressed in detail for Turkish bridge design mainly due to the lack of a Turkish solar zone map and limited awareness of engineers on computation methods. The aim of this study is to construct a new solar zone map for Turkey to assess the magnitude of non-linear temperature gradient to be used in thermal analysis of segmental concrete bridges and outline a comprehensive analysis method. In this scope, temperature and solar radiation changes at sixteen Turkish cities representing different geographies are evaluated to form the boundaries of solar zone regions on Turkish country map and obtain corresponding temperature gradient loading. It has been found out that the solar zones defined for the bridges of United States of America and Turkey results in slightly different thermal gradient loading. The new findings on region based temperature gradient loading have been used in analysis of a selected segmental concrete box girder bridge. The nonlinear temperature distribution developed through the depth of the sample box girder type bridge caused stresses as high as the ones generated by dead and live loads; that, especially for negative gradient condition, the high tensile stresses imposes the requirement of additional prestressing, in order to satisfy tensile stress limitation requirements and avoid cracking of the section.


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Citation Formats
A. İ. Yılmaz, “Segmental concrete box girder bridge thermal analysis based on new Turkish solar zone map developed to assess temperature gradient loading,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2015.