Theory and practice of geometry in medieval architecture in the middle east (10th-14th centuries)

Özden, Deniz
The aim of this research is to investigate the use of geometry in architecture of the Medieval Middle East considering the place of geometry in the classification of sciences in records of medieval Islamic philosophers and the practical application of geometry in the area of architecture through documents on geometric ornaments and geometric analysis of North Dome of Friday Mosque of Isfahan. This thesis discusses the arguments on the meanings of geometric ornaments and on the collaboration of mathematicians and craftsmen in designing the ornaments. The division between the theory and practice of geometry is considered with regard to philosophies of Al-Kindi, Al-Farabi, Al-Ghazali and Khayyam. It is seen that Khayyam takes a position which sees practical geometry as an antecedent to theoretical geometry counter to the general idea held by contemporary philosophers.


Historical background of Libyan mosque architecture: assesment and criticism of mosquesin Ajdabiya city
Buhlfaia, Saeid; Cengizkan, Ali; Department of Architecture (2006)
The study attempts to trace the development of mosque architecture in Islamic history, in modern architecture in the world, specifically focusing on the history of the mosque in Libya. It investigates whether the conformity of mosque components and finishing is due to historic, current and local Islamic prescriptions; due to functional purposes and necessities, or merely as an imitation of the stereotype styles for loyalty to mental and habitual traditions regardless of functions. The main objective of this...
"The citadel of Ankara": Aspects of visual documentation and analysis regarding material use
Sülüner, Hasan Sinan; Bakırer, Ömür; Department of Architecture (2005)
This thesis examines the history, written sources and physical aspects of the citadel at Ankara with respect to building materials, masonry styles, design and topography. The distribution of different types of building materials in selected areas are analyzed and documented by using modern methods.
Understanding the construction technique of Mimar Sinan’s buildings: the case of Lüleburgaz Sokullu Mehmed Paşa Mosque
Etyemez Çıplak, Leyla; Şahin Güçhan, Neriman; Conservation of Cultural Heritage in Department of Architecture (2017)
This dissertation constructs a comprehensive understanding of the construction techniques applied and developed by Mimar Sinan, which underlie the structural characteristics of 16th century Ottoman Architecture. Conducting a research into the literature on Classical Ottoman Architecture and Mimar Sinan’s buildings, the study distinguishes Sokullu Mehmed Paşa Menzil Complexes in Lüleburgaz, Havsa and Payas among the buildings and complexes as known to be designed by Mimar Sinan. It focuses on the mosques of ...
Diagrammatic potency of the "nine square grid" in architectural design
Kalfazade, Nihat; Gür, Berin Fatma; Department of Architecture (2004)
The aim of this thesis is to search for the diagrammatic potency of the أnine square gridؤ (9SG) in architectural design. The thesis refers to the diagram as a tool for bringing order to the essential elements of architecture (i.e. program, structure and context). It highlights the potential relationships among these elements. In this study, the 9SG is approached as a diagram that has the potential to generate different spatial relations. The thesis investigates different uses of the 9SG in reference to the...
A new approach for defining the conservation status of early Republican architecture, case study : primary school buildings in İzmir
Kul, Fatma Nurşen; Madran, Emre; Department of Architecture (2010)
International discussions on the conservation of the twentieth-century architectural heritage emphasize the diversity of the whole of the built environment of the entire century, rather than limiting consideration to canonic examples of the architectural historiography during the identification and assessment of the properties to be conserved. In contrast to this international holistic and inclusive approach, the approach to the identification and assessment of the properties in Turkey has in general been s...
Citation Formats
D. Özden, “Theory and practice of geometry in medieval architecture in the middle east (10th-14th centuries),” M.A. - Master of Arts, Middle East Technical University, 2015.