Higher education in Turkey in the context of gender, upward mobility and reproduction of inequalities: a comparative study of the education and engineering faculties

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2015
Çevik (Çakıroğlu), Aylin
This dissertation analyzes the higher education attainment process, which is related with the upward mobility and/or the reproducing inequality, by genders (across and within genders) in case of the education (as female-dominated field) and engineering (as male dominated field) faculties in Turkey. It is evident that considering their historical backgrounds including the aim of the founding and distribution of gender by years, these two faculties display the gender-based division of labour in higher education system. In order to understand and explore the attainment process varying by gender, this dissertation based on both a historical-comparative analysis of Turkish modernization through understanding gender inequality in education and a quantitative analysis applied. Drawing on the Eurostudent Survey IV (2011) which is nationwide representative and internationally comparable data, the differences between two faculties by gender are explored. Findings indicate that specifically, females are coming from higher socioeconomic background family, urban areas and better education background, compared to males. Considering faculty, these characteristics are also valid for engineering faculty. Students in engineering faculty are from higher socioeconomic background family, urban areas and better education background, compared to education faculty. In this sense, education faculty is consists of relatively disadvantage groups. Therefore, it is argued that education faculty provides upward mobility for students, while engineering faculty protects status quo. In conclude, this dissertation proposes that higher education reproduces gendered division of labour and the interaction between gender and socioeconomic background of family has been represented in the higher education system in Turkey.

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Citation Formats
A. Çevik (Çakıroğlu), “Higher education in Turkey in the context of gender, upward mobility and reproduction of inequalities: a comparative study of the education and engineering faculties,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2015.