Science diplomacy in the global age: examples from Turkey and the world

Özkaragöz Doğan, Elif
In today’s global and multipolar international system, different diplomatic methods are practiced besides the traditional diplomatic methods. Science Diplomacy, which is based on knowledge-based international scientific and technological cooperation, emerges as an important foreign policy tool. Science Diplomacy has three main components, which are namely “science in diplomacy”, “diplomacy for science” and “science for diplomacy”. In this PhD thesis, the main reasons behind the development and usage of Science Diplomacy as a contemporary method of diplomacy, especially in the post-Cold War period are analyzed. In this context, the possible premises of mainstream International Relations theories in analyzing the practice of Science Diplomacy in the modern international system are also defined. The main research question is the place and role of Science Diplomacy in the future international role of Turkey as an emerging world economy. In this respect, the USA and Germany examples are also studied. In terms of the methodology, it is mainly based on qualitative research method using secondary resources, besides interviews with science diplomats and experts as well as short study-visits to the key governmental and academic institutions both in Turkey and abroad. It is considered to be one of the first academic studies at the PhD level on the topic of Science Diplomacy in Turkey. It ends with some policy recommendations for Turkey in the field of Science Diplomacy.