Typological residential urbanism: an alternative analysis of the TOKİ housing production as a dominant type

Parlak, Neris
Housing production in Turkey has increased enormously in recent years. Quality of the urban form as a result of this housing production is extremely significant since it directly affects the quality of Turkish cities. This thesis aims to draw attention to the potential of the concept of typology on evaluating the quality of urban form of housing environments. Thus, the thesis attempts to test the potential by carrying out a typological analysis of the housing production of TOKİ, which is one of the three main actors responsible for the increase housing production in Turkey. The first part of the thesis focuses on the fourth typology introduced by Christopher Lee, in addition to the three typologies defined by Anthony Vidler. In the second part, urban design guidelines are reviewed in order to define the characteristics of a desirable 21st century residential environments, which forms the basis of the evaluation criteria for the analysis of the TOKİ housing production. Furthermore, this part attempts to show how certain typological components affect these characteristics, as well as how certain building types have advantages or disadvantages to deliver these characteristics. In the last part, previously documented fourty TOKİ projects are analyzed with regard to building types and typological components introduced before. In conclusion, it is observed that TOKİ ignores the potentials of building types it utilized and does not benefit from the typological components in order to deliver residential environments suitable for 21st century requirements.
Citation Formats
N. Parlak, “Typological residential urbanism: an alternative analysis of the TOKİ housing production as a dominant type,” M.Arch. - Master of Architecture, Middle East Technical University, 2015.