A Sustainability assessment framework for evaluation of coal mining sector plans in afşin-elbistan coal basin with a special emphasis on land disturbance

Yaylacı, Evren Deniz
The mining sector has negative and positive impacts on the environment, society and economy at the local and national levels. Mitigating and minimizing the negative impacts while maximizing the social and economic benefits of the mining sector are significantly important for contributing to sustainable development in practice. For this purpose, different assessment tools, which can be applied at different decision-making levels, are used in the mining sector and sustainability assessment (SA) is one of these tools. However, sustainability and the mining sector are generally seen as two conflicting concepts. Additionally, integrating the sustainability criteria into assessment practices is a challenge for the decision-making authorities at the strategic level. Moreover, in many cases the application of public participation and stakeholder consultation and the consideration of the outcomes could not be practiced effectively during the strategic-level decision-making process. Regarding these, the thesis aims to integrate the sustainability into strategic-level decision-making in the mining sector planning through operationalization of the concept methodologically and systematically in order to prevent using the term of sustainability as a green-washing practice for social license to operate. In order to do this, an indicator-based sustainability assessment framework is suggested as a decision support tool for the mining sector in this thesis. The framework is applied for evaluating the sustainability of the mining plans in the Afşin-Elbistan Coal Basin (AECB) in Turkey with a specific focus of land disturbance at the local level and also the security of energy supply criteria at the national level.


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Citation Formats
E. D. Yaylacı, “A Sustainability assessment framework for evaluation of coal mining sector plans in afşin-elbistan coal basin with a special emphasis on land disturbance,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2015.