Perceived parental relationship, self-discrepancy, and personality characteristics in relation to psychological well-being

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2015
Gürcan, Derya
The purpose of the current study was to examine the relations among perceived parental relationship, self-discrepancy, personality characteristics (i.e., difficulties in emotion regulation, basic personality traits, resilience), and psychological well-being in terms of depression and anxiety. The study included 729 participants (456 females and 273 males) whose age ranged between 18 and 39 (M = 22.03, SD = 2.58). The data were collected by a questionnaire package which included Demographic Information Form, The Barrett Lennard Relationship Inventory, Integrated Self-Discrepancy Index, Resilience Scale, Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale, Basic Personality Traits Inventory, Egna Minnen Betraffande Uppfostran-Memories of Upbringing (s-EMBU), Beck Depression Inventory, and Beck Anxiety Inventory. Initially, The Barrett Lennard Relationship Inventory and Integrated Self-Discrepancy Index were adapted to Turkish, and psychometric properties were conducted, which revealed good reliability and validity for the two measures. For the main analyses, three sets of hierarchical regression analyses were conducted to investigate the paths between the variables of the study. Additionally, moderation analyses were conducted to investigate the roles of personality characteristics on the relationship of self-discrepancy and psychological well-being. In line with the expectations, perceived parental relationship, self-dicrepancy, and personality characteristics significantly associated with psychological well-being. In addition, moderation effect of several personality characteristics were found on the relationship of self-discrepancy and psychological well-being. The findings of the study and their clinical implications were disccussed in the light of current literature.