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Early parenting support: application of an intervention program to enhance maternal sensitivity in Turkey

Metin Orta, İrem
The present study aimed to adapt, apply and test the effectiveness of the Video-Feedback Intervention to Promote Positive Parenting-Sensitive Discipline (VIPP-SD) in the Turkish context. The sample consisted of 56 mothers from relatively underdeveloped regions of Ankara and Istanbul having infants between 10 and 33 months old. The sample was randomly divided into two groups and four thematic sessions were conducted among 38 intervention mothers. In each session, mother and child were videotaped during daily interactions and video feedback was provided to the mother on sensitive parenting. In the control group, 18 mothers did not receive any intervention but four telephone calls from the intervener. Maternal sensitivity was assessed through video-recorded mother-child interactions, and independent raters coded these interactions using the Maternal Behavior Q-sort and Ainsworth Maternal Sensitivity Scale. In addition, maternal attitudes toward sensitivity and sensitive discipline were assessed through self-reports. The results revealed that observed sensitivity of intervention mothers had improved in comparison to control mothers. In addition, intervention mothers had more positive attitude toward sensitivity than control mothers. These findings provide support for the effectiveness of the VIPP-SD program on promoting sensitivity among low-SES mothers in a collectivistic culture. In this sense, it extends previous research among middle-to-high SES mothers in individualistic cultures, and shed light on the applicability and effectiveness of the video-feedback intervention in different cultural and socio-economical contexts. The present study also serves as a resource for researchers and practitioners who plan to develop and implement early support or intervention programs in Turkey.