Development and implementation of a values education program for pre‐school children

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2016
Erikli, Sultan
The aim of the current study was to examine the impact of an education class on preschool values, prepared for 5- to 6-year-old children, teaching respect, responsibility, honesty, cooperation, sharing, and friendship. The participants in the study were 5- to 6-year-old children enrolled in a state school within the town of Gölbaşı in Ankara, Turkey. The research utilized an experimental study with a control group in which a pre- and post-test model was implemented. A total of 47 children, 23 of whom formed the control group and 24 of whom formed the experimental group, participated in the study. To evaluate the effectiveness of the Preschool Values Education Program, designed by the researcher, the Preschool Values Scale Teacher Form (PVSTF), developed by Neslitürk and Çeliköz (2015), was used. The preschool values education program was implemented in the experimental group three times a week for a total of six weeks. The control group continued with their routine education program. Before and after the program, the class teachers of the experimental and control groups filled out a scale for each student in the group. To analyze the data, the SPSS 20.0 program was utilized. Analysis of covariance and mixed-design analysis of variance were used. At the end of the program, no significant difference was observed in the control group, whereas in the group in which the values education program was implemented, it was observed that there was a significant increase (p<.01) in the children’s values of respect, cooperation, honesty, friendship, and sharing. However, no significant increase was found among the results yielded for the value of responsibility (p>0.05).