The Externalization of the European Union’s asylum policy: refugee burden sharing between the European Union and Turkey during the Syrian refugee protection crisis

Yılmaz, Filiz
This thesis analyzes a specific policy approach adopted by the European Union (EU) on externalization of asylum and refugee matters. The external dimension of the EU’s asylum and refugee policy includes implementing policies on border management, visa policy and cooperation with third countries to avoid mass movements of asylum seekers. This thesis further focuses on the tools of the EU externalization policies such as the “safe third country” and the “first country of asylum” principles and the EU “readmission agreements” with third countries. In this study, the concept of burden sharing mechanisms in relation to refugees in the EU is analyzed. Moreover, the impact of the safe third country and the first country of asylum principles to the EU-Turkey relations are further scrutinized. The EU-Turkey Statement accepting Turkey as a safe third country and a first country of asylum is tested as an example of the EU’s externalization policy in order to see the implications of burden sharing of Syrian refugees between the EU and Turkey. Therefore, this research aims to test whether there is a functioning refugee protection mechanism between Turkey and the EU or whether the system developed by the EU creates burden shifting over Turkey. Turkey is the main focus of this study, which is carrying a substantial amount of responsibility and financial burden since refugee movements from Syria have started in 2011. 


Humanitarian assistance policies of the European Union towards Syrian refugees in Turkey
Çeliker, Cansu; Kale Lack, Başak; Department of Political Science and Public Administration (2018)
This research addresses to the significant gap between rhetoric and practice with regard to the implementation of rights-based humanitarianism in a response to Syrian refugee protection crisis. The research raises the question of why political actors place refugees in an asymmetrical relationship with duty-bearers. In this sense, it draws attention to the complicated three-cornered relationship among securitization policies, liberal economic agenda and needs-based humanitarianism within the borders of domin...
The External dimension of the European Union's immigration policy and its implications for transit countries : a comparison of Turkey and Morocco
YIldız, Ayselin Gözde; Eralp, Yakup Atila; Department of International Relations (2012)
The purpose of this thesis is to analyse the external dimension of the European Union’s (EU) immigration policy and its implications for transit countries through a comparative study of Turkey and Morocco. The thesis examines the development and institutionalization of the EU’s externalization of its immigration policy within a chronological and theoretical context. Applying the theoretical debate concerning “Europeanization beyond EU borders”, it investigates to what extent the EU has successfully external...
The essence of EU strategy in South East Europe : The Republic of Macedonia
Atay, Niyazi Güneş; Bağcı, Hüseyin; Department of International Relations (2004)
This thesis examines the South East European policy of the European Union, which promoted the prospect of a ءUnited Europe̕. After the end of the bipolar world system, the ultimate aim of the East European countries has been the integration into the European Union. The transition and integration process, that they initiated in accordance with this aim, made up the basis of their relations with the Union. Nevertheless, the South East European countries, which became a sub-region within East Europe, joined to...
Kahraman, Sevilay (Ankara Avrupa Calismalari Dergisi, 2006)
The European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) which can be viewed as the most significant geopolitical project of the European Union (EU) after 2004 enlargement, also constitutes one of the key issues of the external agenda of the Union. The ENP is a new policy initiated in 2003 and implemented in 2005 and it offers a new partnership between the enlarged EU and wider Europe, the latter including both the EU's old Southern neighbours and the new Eastern ones as well as the Southern Caucasus countries. Central to t...
Reforming the European union budget: a socıal constructivist policy approach
Deniz, Mustafa; Kahraman, Sevilay; Department of International Relations (2010)
The budget of the European Union has accomplished a significant role for European integration in the history of the Union. However, it has not resulted into anticipated developments compatible with the Union’s institutional policy reform process in the last decades. The budget has emerged as a consequence of path dependent developments in its historical progress, which has dragged the European Union to a critical stage. It is rather challenging for the Union now to sustain the current structure of the budge...
Citation Formats
F. Yılmaz, “The Externalization of the European Union’s asylum policy: refugee burden sharing between the European Union and Turkey during the Syrian refugee protection crisis,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2017.