Relationship between financial development and logistics performance and their effects on the competitiveness: an empirical cross-country study

Özdemir, Levent
Well-functioning financial system efficiently produce information about possible investments to allocate capital, monitor firms after allocating capital, facilitate risk management, mobilize savings and ease the exchange of goods/services. These services significantly affect the countries’ efficiency of logistics which is backbone of trade. As financial development enables the logisticians to access various financial products and services to finance capital assets, working capital and inventory; to insure or help to hedge various risks/uncertainties; and to ease exchange of goods, services and information. In turn, increased logistics performance boosts global competitiveness of the country. Although theory postulates this chain linkage, the empirical studies examining the relationship is limited. In this study we simultaneously test whether the countries’ governance quality and superior financial development lead to better logistics performance, in turn result in higher global competitiveness by using PLS-SEM method. The results support the conceptual relationshipsby reflecting that each hypothesis in the model is significant at 1% level. That is, governance quality positively affects financial development, logistics performance and global competitiveness. Likewise well-functioning accessible and efficient financial institutions and markets have significant and positive contribution to logistics performance of countries. Lastly, the higher logistics performance spurs global competitiveness of countries. Additionally, the results indicate that financial depth has the largest effect on logistics performance; where financial access has the largest effect on global competitiveness.