Global governmentality of international migration: case of Turkey

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2017
Zeytin, Elif
This thesis examines how neoliberal globalization shapes the policies concerning international migration. With the help of the global governmentality approach of Jonathan Joseph, ‘migration management’ discourse is elaborated as the stimulation of a broader process of ‘management’ of human mobility through governmental interventions on the state behaviors. In particular, re-conceptualization of international migration as a global policy issue in the effective migration management framework is evaluated as the promoted mode of governance which has been designed as both restrictive and facilitative to maximize economic gains and to minimize negative effects. Through the cooperation mechanisms, this mode of governance is promoted to individual states in which all related international and regional organizations such as UNHCR, IOM and the EU are involved in the process as they present themselves as the formal body of expertise. These arguments have been tested in the case of Turkey. It is argued that Turkey has continued to pursue its traditional migration policy based on the political identity of Turkishness no matter how migration patterns have altered. When Turkey is granted the candidacy status to join the European Union at the Helsinki Summit in 1999, a process of transformation has begun. New migration management regime of Turkey has been established in response to the pre-accession requirements of the EU rather than being a domestic necessity to reform. However, the establishment of a new migration management system is not considered exclusive to EU-Turkey relations but as the reflection of global promotion of the effective migration management through the international and regional organizations.

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Citation Formats
E. Zeytin, “Global governmentality of international migration: case of Turkey,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2017.