Filling the international and local governance gap in a presumed ‘failed state’: local councils in the oppositionheld areas of Syria

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2018
Aykut, Özcan
This dissertation focuses on how the governance void is filled by civil and military non-state actors in the territories where state relinquishes control and its institutions cease functioning due to state failure caused by conflicts and civil wars. Providing an insight beyond the state-centric approaches of International Relations and considering the hybrid governance experiences of Chiapas, Kosovo, Somalia, and Colombia during the protracted conflicts and civil wars; the case of civil and grassroots-based local councils dispersed across Syria is examined. The objective of the dissertation is to find out the shortcomings of local councils and the challenges they faced in the domains of funding and finance, security and relations with armed groups, legitimacy, and effectiveness. It is argued that despite all endeavors and goodwill, local councils could have neither presented themselves as vertically and horizontally integrated and effective governance structures nor managed to create secure and livable places for their residents due to the shortcomings and challenges during the civil war in Syria.
Citation Formats
Ö. Aykut, “Filling the international and local governance gap in a presumed ‘failed state’: local councils in the oppositionheld areas of Syria,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2018.