Understanding the integrity of rural life and architecture for sustainable conservation case study: Çomakdağ, Milas

Kurtuluş, Vacide Betül
Rural areas are formed with interaction of man and nature. They represent individual characteristics of a society through various components regarding the physical environment and daily life. The main concern of this study; rural architecture is one of these components. It is produced by local materials and traditional techniques. It characterizes personal, social and economic needs and integrated with rural production in every sense. Rural architecture and rural life complement each other. They represent uniqueness of a culture and identity of a place. However, there has been a serious decrease in rural population since 1960s because of the followed policies in Turkey. Owing to the decreasing demand for living in rural areas, the culture of rural architecture and traditional lifestyle is almost lost. Thus, continuity of rural life and rural architecture is at risk. In such an environment, conservation of rural architecture and life is crucial to achieve sustainability of local distinctiveness of places. In this study, agricultural, legal and administrative policies applied in Turkey are analyzed to understand the main reasons of depopulation of rural areas. Moreover, the regulations for conservation of rural architecture in Turkey are understood relating it with the general attitude of international charters on conservation of rural architecture. Most of the applied policies are affected from worldwide movements including globalization, mechanization and industrialization. These processes threaten life in rural areas all around the world. Therefore, the approaches and actions of reactions - such as movements, notions and concepts including the state supports - initiated as opposed to degradation of rural life and architecture around the world are analyzed to understand the universal values and required processes for sustainable conservation of rural areas. Afterwards, the integrity of rural life with open and built-up spaces mainly based on production is emphasized through the case study; Çomakdağ Region considering the interrelations between lifestyle and physical environments in the villages. At the end, the study puts forward a conservation approach, asserting the significance of the integrity in rural life and architecture and the necessity for continuation of production for sustainable conservation.


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Citation Formats
V. B. Kurtuluş, “Understanding the integrity of rural life and architecture for sustainable conservation case study: Çomakdağ, Milas,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2018.