Differentiation of use and provision strategies of urban parks: an evaluation of parks in urban regeneration projects in Ankara

Tuç, İmral
Urbanization strategies have usually been shaped by the historical changes in economic and political discourses in a society. Along with the changing economic and political discourses, powerful groups of the time have also been influential on the strategies that shape urban space. Urban parks, as essential components of urban space, were also affected by changes in economic and political discourses as well as actions of powerful groups. Even though the production strategies and usage purposes of urban parks have changed over time, the only thing that did not change is that the parks are representative places of specific groups. In Ankara, from the first urban park to today, urban parks usually represented the powerful groups but provision strategies of these parks have changed over time. This thesis aims to understand the meaning and provision strategies of urban parks that are produced recently within urban regeneration projects for providers and users of the parks. Moreover, the thesis clarifies that urban parks are not only public spaces but also the reflections of ideological, political and financial concerns of their time. In order to achieve these goals, the thesis includes a comparative evaluation of the urban parks produced in different periods in Ankara since the Republican era. The empirical focus of investigation is on urban transformation projects developed around a large green area in the post-2005 period in Ankara. The findings of this reseach uncover the rationale behind and the meaning of urban parks in North Ankara Entrance, South Park Ankara and Göksu urban regeneration projects for municipal authorities, project developers, newcomers and gecekondu dwellers. .