Intersecting interventions of global and regional powers in the Syrian civil war: motives, methods, and timing

Download
2018
Bilgin, İnci
Following the spread of the Arab Uprisings to Syria, a civil war broke out between Syrian opponents and government; consequently, thousands of people have died, injured, and been displaced. The Syrian Civil War paved the way for the emergence of various local armed groups which have claims over the Syrian territory. In the meantime, the world has witnessed multiple-interventions of global and regional actors in the conflict in Syria through diplomatic, economic and military means. This thesis focuses on the interventions in the conflict in Syria by Russia, US, Turkey, and Iran and aims to show the impact of a current/potential intervenor on the others’ motivations, methods, and timing, in other words interaction among intervenors. To do this, this study explains the motivations of intervenors to intervene (self-interest and/or humanitarian concerns), the methods they used (unilateral or multilateral, biased or neutral, diplomatic-economic or military), and the timing of their interventions. The result of the study indicates that each actor has ability to change the others’ motivations, methods, and timing of intervention. Indeed, it is seen that neither of the aforementioned four countries was immune from the impact of the others’ intervention preferences.

Suggestions

Impact of neopatrimonialism on the trajectory of the conflict in Syria
Belal, Salaymeh; Tür Küçükkaya, Özlem; Department of International Relations (2018)
This thesis attempts to understand the impact of the nature of the Assad regime on the trajectory of the conflict which took place in Syria following the 2011 uprising. It argues that the Assad regime which has been ruling Syria since 1970 represents a case of neopatrimonial regime. The thesis elaborates the neopatrimonial conceptualization tracing the concept back to its Weberian roots. It follows the evolution of the concept from the ‘traditional’ patrimonialism to the modern ‘neo’ patrimonialism. The the...
Hybrid sovereignty in the Arab Middle East: the cases of Jordan, Iraq And Kuwait
Bacık, Gökhan; Altunışık, Meliha; Department of International Relations (2005)
This thesis analyses the issue of sovereignty in the Arab Middle Eastern context with a special reference to three cases: Jordan, Kuwait and Iraq. The basic argument of this thesis is the inapplicability of Western sovereignty in the related cases. The thesis will discuss that Western sovereignty which was brought to the region has been limited by certain facts. Instead, what we have is a hybrid sovereignty model in which both modern and primordial patterns co-exist. The thesis will also trace the history o...
Imagining Turkey in a re(de)territorialized world: Turkey, the orient and the occident
Çelik, Soner; Polat, Necati; Department of International Relations (2010)
This thesis analyzes the construction of geopolitical imaginations of Turkey in the post-September 11 era on the basis of critical geopolitics and in the frame of a center (the United States and the European Union)-margin (Turkey) relationship. The dissolving of the relatively stable concepts of the Cold War era by globalization and the demise of the Soviet Union -such as state integrity, sovereignty, inside/outside dichotomy and state identity- has created deterritorialization in the global space of territ...
Turkey’s mediation initiatives between 2002 and 2015 a discourse and content analysis
Güner, Reyhan; Tanrısever, Oktay Fırat; Department of International Relations (2015)
This dissertation aims to figure out the leading motivations of Turkey to voluntarily engage in international mediation attempts as a third party. So as to ascertain why Turkey mediates, the method of the dissertation was determined as a combination of discourse analysis of speeches made by Turkey’s ministers of foreign affairs and the content analysis of the news and statements in the official website of Turkish Ministry of Foreign Affairs, since the mediation attempts of Turkey have been conducted by the ...
Paradoxes in Turkey's Syria policy: Analyzing the critical episode of agenda building
Tür Küçükkaya, Özlem (2016-09-01)
This article explores the discursive reasons behind the paradoxes in Turkey's foreign policy since the onset of the Syria crisis. By looking at representation of Turkey's Syria policy in two prominent pro-government newspapers, Star and Yeni Safak, the authors highlight the significance of the February 2012 episode, after which Ankara experienced deep discursive dilemmas for three reasons: the uncertain portrayal of the dyadic context, the ambiguous framing of third-party roles, and ambivalent agenda buildi...
Citation Formats
İ. Bilgin, “Intersecting interventions of global and regional powers in the Syrian civil war: motives, methods, and timing,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2018.