Evaluation of temporary housing units with multi-criteria decision making methods

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2018
Akdede, Nil
Disasters caused by natural hazards or socio-political crises pose widespread damage or mass migration on built environment resulted with loss of housing. To meet accommodation needs of disaster victims, post disaster temporary accommodation units, including temporary sheltering and temporary housing units, are common solutions not only to bridge the gap until permanent housing are ready to use but also to provide physical and psychological rehabilitation. As post-disaster accommodation units are absolutely diversified from the housing production in usual conditions with respect to necessity of prompt readiness and instant as well as extensive response, the management of provision, design and construction of them require rapid and organizational evaluation. Even a permanent housing needs a challenging decision-making process for designers, decision-making process of post-disaster temporary housing units is one of the most contradictive and uncommon architectural design problems due to its crucial role on the recovery period of community. As the design guidelines of temporary housing units have not been well-emphasized in a systematic approach; in current practice, to overcome sheltering problem of victims, ready-made or instantly developed temporary housing units are applied by top-down decisions. Nevertheless, temporary accommodation projects that are evaluated with ad hoc decision-making approaches generally yield various social, environmental and economic problems. Although several studies have been carried out contributing on qualifications of temporary units, there isn’t any contribution on the issue of the decision-making process of temporary housing units. This dissertation presents a generalized road map with several aspects based on multi-criteria decision-making methods for evaluation of temporary accommodation units with respect to conducted research on literature varying from diverse cases. For the decision-making process of temporary accommodation units, this method has been proposed from an architectural point of view and several real-case studies have been applied to present the practicality of the model. The presented approach aims not only to reach the most rational alternative for each case and its diverse specifications but also direct designers to carry out a design process with contextual approach.

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Citation Formats
N. Akdede, “Evaluation of temporary housing units with multi-criteria decision making methods,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2018.