A Life cycle assessment based decision support tool for early-design phase of mass-housing neighbourhoods in Turkey

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2018
Kayaçetin, Nuri Cihan
In developing countries such as Turkey, the main driving force of economy is the Architecture-Engineering-Construction (AEC) industry. Hence, rapid urban expansion dramatically increases the pressure on the existing infrastructure which affects buildings, public transportation and overall energy usage. In order to control urbanization, governments facilitate mass-housing projects in increasing numbers. Higher rates in construction require an immediate need for methods of assessing the environmental impacts of these large scale mass-housing projects. Currently, there is not any framework or legislation which regulates the environmental impact of mass-housing projects. In order to provide a comprehensive response to this need, the study aims to develop a life cycle assessment (LCA) based decision support tool (DST) for early design phase of mass-housing projects in Turkey. DST should take into account several clusters of aspects that are inherit in the urban and typological characteristics. In this context, neighbourhood scale is considered as the suitable scale in order to have more precise results. This tool is aimed to provide planners with decision support where and when it is most needed. Residential buildings are the most constructed building type in Turkey, and early design phase is when the design preferences have the highest impact. In the end of the assessments, a reference LCA study which represents the mass-housing projects in neighbourhood-scale in Turkey was developed. Different embodied carbon values were defined for project typologies. Depending on the reference LCA study, a decision support tool (DST) for mass-housing projects in neighbourhood scale was achieved. The DST is capable of introducing several sustainable solutions that are appropriate for mass-housing projects.

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Citation Formats
N. C. Kayaçetin, “A Life cycle assessment based decision support tool for early-design phase of mass-housing neighbourhoods in Turkey,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2018.