Planning disasters: impacts of neoliberal restructuring on urban planning practice through urban planners in Turkey

Download
2018
Sert Çiftçi, Arzu
As a result of the global economic crisis of the last period of the 1970s, Turkey has adopted neoliberalism as an economic policy in the first half of the 1980s. This political preference, which was driven mainly by decentralization, deregulation, privatization and liberalization practices, has affected almost all sectors over time, and the urban planning discipline has taken its share. In the following years, continuing change in the economic policies of the governments, the establishment of new institutions, increase in the approval authorities, inadequacy and/or incapabilities of the technical staff working in the municipalities and public institutions, and the collaborating of some of the freelance urban planners in the market, although some still resist, have all resulted dramatic changes in the planning practice and has resulted cities a project-based approach arena caused by short-term, flexible, fragmented, and political pressures in recent years. This study contributes to the debates of the process through urban planners operating in the free market. The study conducts an investigation using qualitative methods and adopting an empirical study via urban planning offices in the private market and interviews with key informants of the planning related institutions to answer why and how cities become today’s situations and the role of Turkish urban planning structure. The study highlighted that the starting point was the adoption of neoliberal policies, but the effective factors on urban planning process were multi faceted; politics/ political actors, investors/consumers, the market mechanism and urban planners. Planning is seen as a tool for rent and managed as a toy by capital groups and politics. In addition, urban planners are the only legitimate signatories of the system. Today, there is no planning system and practice aiming at objective and contemporary understanding observing requirements and gradual coexistence. The term “planning disasters”, frequently spoken in this thesis, aims to emphasize the negative effects of neoliberal policies on urban areas.

Suggestions

Contesting neoliberal urbanisation : contemporary urban movements in Istanbul, the case of Gülsuyu-Gülensu neighbourhoods
Özdemir, Esin; Eraydın, Ayda; Department of City and Regional Planning (2013)
The shift from Keynesian to neo-liberal economic policies marked the changes in the urban agenda and the nature of urban movements in the last three decades. The neo-liberal urbanisation reinforced outstanding transformations on the development of urban space, especially in metropolitan areas, including Istanbul. The urban transformation projects, as instruments of neoliberal urbanisation, result in serious changes in this metropolitan area and encounter resistances from groups of people in the city. The pu...
Macroeconomic policies and structural adjustment under the IMF stabilization program in the Turkish Economy : A computable general equilibrium analysis
Hwang, Won Joo; Güzel, Alper; Department of Economics (2003)
The Turkish economy encountered with the two major economic crises in the 1990s after a series of liberalization policies during the 1980s. Despite of the IMF-supported stabilization program after the 1994 financial crisis, the Turkish economy experienced another serious crisis in the 1999-2000 followed by the IMF-directed stabilization program. This experience of the Turkish economy indicates that the IMF-directed stabilization policies do not necessarily guarantee successful outcomes. This fact emphasizes...
An Analysis of social assistance programmes during the neoliberal era : Bolsa familia programme in Brazil as a case study
Durdu, Tuba; Yalman, Osman Galip; Department of Political Science and Public Administration (2012)
Brazil was confronted with high inflation while implementing neoliberal economic policies which were imposed as a panacea to the debt crisis during the process of transition to democracy since 1985. In this context, implementation of structural adjustment and stabilization programs further deteriorated its already unequal distribution of income and exposed the poor to devastating effects of the intermittent crises which were in turn the result of macro-economic policies pursued. Conditional cash transfers w...
Sequencing, pace and timing of financial liberalization process in Turkey with implications on the macroeconomic environment
Ganioğlu, Aytül; Şenses, Fikret; Department of Economics (2006)
This study basically analyzes timing, sequencing and pace of the financial liberalization experience of the Turkish economy in the 1980s and evaluates its implications for the crises in the Turkish economy since the 1990s. The objectives of this study are threefold: Firstly, it aims to reveal the main policy objectives and political factors pushing the government to take capital account liberalization decision in 1989. It is concluded that domestic decision makers have shaped and taken the decision of capit...
Local development and conservation priorities : the case of Ortahisar
Kamberoğlu, Bahar Burcu; Keskinok, Hüseyin Çağatay; Department of Urban Policy Planning and Local Governments (2012)
The thesis evaluates the case of Ortahisar where natural rock-caved storage sector has been the major dominant traditional economic activity since 1950s. However this economic sector has begun to recess because of conservation priorities after the declaration of Göreme Historical National Park including Ortahisar settlement in World Heritage List by UNESCO in 1986. In addition, the tourism sector has begun to develop gradually in the Region as large amounts of tourists began to invade because of the world h...
Citation Formats
A. Sert Çiftçi, “Planning disasters: impacts of neoliberal restructuring on urban planning practice through urban planners in Turkey,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2018.