Principles and strategies for conservation and management of complex multi-layered cultural landscapes: the case of Gölyazı (Apolyont) / Bursa

Okumuş, Gökhan
The main subject of the thesis is ‘multi-layered cultural landscapes’, which are formed as a result of reciprocal relationship between ‘man’ and ‘nature’ in ‘time’. Multi-layered cultural landscapes are complex habitats shaped by continual dynamic and complex processes with the interaction among physical, natural, social, cultural, economic, administrative, political and legal components and factors through continual settlement history. Hence, all these attributes, together with their dynamic and complex interactions in time, contribute to their identity as well as their specificity. However, they encounter various threats and forces, which can result in the loss of their tangible and intangible values. Thus, their conservation and sustainability becomes an important issue. In this regard, the thesis focuses on the conservation and management of multi-layered cultural landscapes as complex habitats. Being a good representative embodying tangible and intangible reflections of indigenous relationships among various components in time, Gölyazı (Apolyont) in Bursa is chosen as the case for the thesis. Besides, Gölyazı has also many problems and challenges due to contemporary forces of development, industrialization, urbanization, tourism as well as due to unlinked and dispersed decision-making mechanisms and tools for its different components. Parallel to the defined aim and scope, the thesis is structured in two main parts. The first part is the conceptual part, where the main framework of the thesis is constructed through a comprehensive research and discussion on the concepts of ‘multi-layeredness’, ‘cultural landscapes’ and ‘urban complexity’. In the second part of the thesis, the approach and framework proposed in first part are applied to the case of Gölyazı so as to define specific principles and strategies for its conservation and management based on a comprehensive understanding and assessment of various components and factors shaping the settlement through its continual history. Besides, it poses a general framework with a multiple scale approach ranging from territorial to building scale; considering multiple contextual relationships including natural, physical, socio-cultural, economic, administrative and legal contexts; concerning historic continuity and its reflections, for understanding and assessing similar multi-layered cultural landscapes.


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Citation Formats
G. Okumuş, “Principles and strategies for conservation and management of complex multi-layered cultural landscapes: the case of Gölyazı (Apolyont) / Bursa,” M.Arch. - Master of Architecture, Middle East Technical University, 2019.