Conservation of architectural heritage in Atatürk Boulevard in Ankara

Uzgören, Günce
The rapid change in our world affects the built environment, and especially in the last decades in Turkey, the main subject of this change is the modern heritage buildings and open spaces. Because of the lack of a clear definition in Turkish legislation and approaches prioritizing physical aspects and age-related data of the cultural assets, modern heritage components are susceptible to demolishment. Therefore, the buildings, architectural culture, and symbols of this era are under risk. Moreover, the conservation practices often disregarding the intangible features jeopardize the significance of a place and pave the way for forgetting the lived experiences engraved in material aspects of the cultural assets in question. With the notion of approaching to conservation as a versatile concept rather than something black and white, the thesis proposes a conservation mechanism for Atatürk Boulevard in Ankara with the inclusion of all the aspects, tangible and intangible, that contribute to a place’s significance. With this belief, the main north-south axis of the capital; Ankara Atatürk Boulevard, the focus of Ankara’s urban life, is chosen as the case study of this thesis. Ankara Atatürk Boulevard as a strong component of the capital has been witnessing the formation and transformation of the city, the Republic, society, culture, urbanistic approaches, and the architectural practices of Turkey from its foundation in 1923 then on. Today, the buildings and open spaces located on this axis have different functions or styles, designed by different architects from various backgrounds and eventually contributed to the formation of the area altogether which led it to be the symbol of Republican identity in the country. Furthermore, with the help of its citizens, Ankarans, it had evolved into the very center of urban life in modern the capital. Following the theoretical and conceptual framework drawn from the different memory concepts and other intangible aspects contribute to the formation of a place’s significance as well as the conservation documents related to modern heritage and intangible features, the thesis then focuses on the Atatürk Boulevard. Within the light of the information compiled from its current physical state and visual documents from various sources; the built up and open spaces throughout its history, and from the published materials and literary works; the lived experiences and memories of its users are documented, and its spatio-temporal transformation is tried to be understood. Finally, the thesis proposes conservation mechanisms for the architectural heritage and intangible aspects materialized in the physical components of Atatürk Boulevard. With this study, it is tried to be understood the formation, transformation, current state of the Boulevard and risks that the Boulevard is facing in addition to the cultural and urban identity and meanings of the capital via the axis. As a result, how can built environment and social aspects are linked, how they should be considered as a whole, and how can it be sustained are tried to be concluded. It aims to construct a base for a holistic conservation measure and mechanism especially to be used in the modern heritage places and be an extensive document for the further studies on the Atatürk Boulevard.


Conservation history of cultural heritage in Kaleiçi district in Antalya (from the 20th century to present day) /
Çelik Başok, Gülşah; Bakırer, Ömür; Gökce, Fuat; Conservation of Cultural Heritage in Department of Architecture (2016)
Historical urban sites are outputs of physical formation of the various social, cultural, economical and political relations in the urban space. During conservation of the historical urban sites, site should be handled as a historical and cultural whole. In this context, before conservation studies and during the process of producing conservation decisions, handling only the present physical situation of the historical urban fabric and generating decisions only on physical structure is not sufficient for an...
A Proposed model for understanding the impacts of climate change on tangible cultural heritage
Başkan, Emine Gizem; Elias Özkan, Soofia Tahira; Department of Building Science in Architecture (2016)
The increasing influence of climate change on tangible cultural heritage in the 21st century has been recently recognized as one of the main threats to cultural heritage. Therefore, studies dwelling on the anticipated impacts of changes in the climate parameters are relatively new. This study covers the current debate on the anticipated impacts of climate change on tangible heritage. It presents a forecast on how climate change may affect physical, chemical and biological deterioration mechanisms and which ...
Analysis of urban morphology in squatter transformation areas
Şahin, Mustafa Raşit; Yetişkul Şenbil, Emine; Department of City and Regional Planning (2014)
The impacts and results of urban transformation has been discussed as an important issue in developing countries by different disciplines as political economy, urban design, city planning and urban sociology. Urban transformation projects in Turkey are mainly criticized since the main focus is about physical transformation. In this context, the aim of the study is to determine what quality of space is produced by urban transformation projects in Turkey. Urban transformation projects creates a different scal...
Avaz, Gulsen; KÜÇÜKSEZGİN, FİLİZ; Tuğrul, Süleyman; Tan, Ibrahim; Günay, Aslı; Kuzyaka, Ersan; Ozkan, Melek (2018-01-01)
In the last few decades, due to an enormous increase in urbanization, industrialization and tourism activities, the risk of eutrophication has been gradually gaining more significance, especially for the closed and semi-closed bays in Turkey.
Resolving the historic urban tissue by tracing the changes as a basis for its conservation : Samsun from 20th century until today
Yazıcı, Merve; Bilgin Altınöz, Ayşe Güliz; Restoration in Department of Architecture (2013)
This thesis identifies the causes and the process of the change of the historic city center of Samsun since the beginning of the 20th century by the role of the development and conservation activities. Because of rapid urban growth and the lack of conservation principles in city plans, most of the city centers have been subjected to growth-conservation contradiction. As a result of this, the historic city centers lose their unique characteristics and cultural heritage while they change rapidly. The city of ...
Citation Formats
G. Uzgören, “Conservation of architectural heritage in Atatürk Boulevard in Ankara,” M.Arch. - Master of Architecture, Middle East Technical University, 2019.