Oligocene subduction-related plutonism in the Nodoushan area, Urumieh-Dokhtar magmatic belt: Petrogenetic constraints from U–Pb zircon geochronology and isotope geochemistry

Shahsavari Alavijeh, Badieh
Rashidnejad-Omran, Nematollah
Toksoy Köksal, Fatma
Xu, Wenliang
Ghalamghash, Jalil
Geochemical data and Sr-Nd isotopes of the host rocks and magmatic microgranular enclaves (MMEs) collected from the Oligocene Nodoushan Plutonic Complex (NPC) in the central part of the Urumieh -Dokhtar Magmatic Belt (UDMB) were studied in order to better understand the magmatic and geodynamic evolution of the UDMB. New U-Pb zircon ages reveal that the NPC was assembled incrementally over ca. 5 m.y., during two main episodes at 30.52 +/- 0.11 Ma and 30.06 +/- 0.10 Ma in the early Oligocene (middle Rupelian) for dioritic and granite intrusives, and at 24.994 +/- 0.037 Ma and 24.13 +/- 0.19 Ma in the late Oligocene (latest Chattian) for granodioritic and diorite porphyry units, respectively. The spherical to ellipsoidal enclaves are composed of diorite to monzodiorite and minor gabbroic diorite (SiO2 = 47.73-57.36 wt.%; Mg# = 42.15-53.04); the host intrusions are mainly granite, granodiorite and diorite porphyry (SiO2 = 56.51-72.35 wt.%; Mg# = 26.29-50.86). All the samples used in this study have similar geochemical features, including enrichment in large ion lithophile elements (LILEs, e.g. Rb, Ba, Sr) and light rare earth elements (LREEs) relative to high field strength elements (HFSEs) and heavy rare earth elements (HREEs). These features, combined with a relative depletion in Nb, Ta, Ti and P, are characteristic of subduction-related magmas. Isotopic data for the host rocks display I-Sr = 0.705045-0.707959, epsilon(Nd)(t) = -3.23 to +3.80, and the Nd model ages (T-DM) vary from 0.58 Ga to 1.37 Ga. Compared with the host rocks, the MMEs are relatively homogeneous in isotopic composition, with ISr ranging from 0.705513 to 0.707275 and epsilon(Nd)(t) from -1.46 to 4.62. The MMEs have T-DM ranging from 0.49 Ga to 1.39 Ga. Geochemical and isotopic similarities between the MMEs and their host rocks demonstrate that the enclaves have mixed origins and were most probably formed by interactions between the lower crust- and mantle-derived magmas. Geochemical data, in combination with geodynamic evidence, suggest that a basic magma was derived from an enriched subcontinental lithospheric mantle (SCLM), presumably triggered by the influx of the hot asthenosphere. This magma then interacted with a crustal melt that originated from the dehydration melting of the mafic lower crust at deep crustal levels. Modeling based on Sr-Nd isotope data indicate that similar to 50% to 90% of the lower crust- derived melt and similar to 10% to 50% of the mantle-derived mafic magma were involved in the genesis of the early Oligocene magmas. In contrast, similar to 45%-65% of the mantle-derived mafic magma were incorporated into the lower crust- derived magma (similar to 35%-55%) that generated the late Oligocene hybrid granitoid rocks. Early Oligocene granitoid rocks contain a higher proportion of crustal material compared to those that formed in the late Oligocene. It is reasonable to assume that lower crust and mantle interaction processes played a significant role in the genesis of these hybridgranitoid bodies, where melts undergoing fractional crystallization along with minor amounts of crustal assimilation could ascend to shallower crustal levels and generate a variety of rock types ranging from diorite to granite.

Citation Formats
B. Shahsavari Alavijeh, N. Rashidnejad-Omran, F. Toksoy Köksal, W. Xu, and J. Ghalamghash, “Oligocene subduction-related plutonism in the Nodoushan area, Urumieh-Dokhtar magmatic belt: Petrogenetic constraints from U–Pb zircon geochronology and isotope geochemistry,” Geoscience Frontiers, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 725–751, 2019, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/28145.