Tectonic evolution and paleogeography of the Kırşehir Block and the Central Anatolian Ophiolites, Turkey

van Hinsbergen, Douwe J. J.
Maffione, Marco
Plunder, Alexis
Kaymakcı, Nuretdin
Ganerød, Morgan
Hendriks, Bart W. H.
Corfu, Fernando
Gürer, Derya
de Gelder, Giovanni I. N. O.
Peters, Kalijn
McPhee, Peter J.
Brouwer, Fraukje M.
Advokaat, Eldert L.
Vissers, Reinoud L. M.
In Central and Western Anatolia two continent-derived massifs simultaneously underthrusted an oceanic lithosphere in the Cretaceous and ended up with very contrasting metamorphic grades: high pressure, low temperature in the Tavsanli zone and the low pressure, high temperature in the Kirsehir Block. To assess why, we reconstruct the Cretaceous paleogeography and plate configuration of Central Anatolia using structural, metamorphic, and geochronological constraints and Africa-Europe plate reconstructions. We review and provide new Ar-40/Ar-39 and U/Pb ages from Central Anatolian metamorphic and magmatic rocks and ophiolites and show new paleomagnetic data on the paleo-ridge orientation in a Central Anatolian Ophiolite. Intraoceanic subduction that formed within the Neotethys around 100-90 Ma along connected N-S and E-W striking segments was followed by overriding oceanic plate extension. Already during suprasubduction zone ocean spreading, continental subduction started. We show that the complex geology of central and southern Turkey can at first order be explained by a foreland-propagating thrusting of upper crustal nappes derived from a downgoing, dominantly continental lithosphere: the Kirsehir Block and Tavsanli zone accreted around 85 Ma, the Afyon zone around 65 Ma, and Taurides accretion continued until after the middle Eocene. We find no argument for Late Cretaceous subduction initiation within a conceptual "Inner Tauride Ocean" between the Kirsehir Block and the Afyon zone as widely inferred. We propose that the major contrast in metamorphic grade between the Kirsehir Block and the Tavsanli zone primarily results from a major contrast in subduction obliquity and the associated burial rates, higher temperature being reached upon higher subduction obliquity.


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Geological and geomorphological features of basins along the western half of the North Anatolian Fault System (NAFS) are used to constrain the formation of these basins by localization of deformation and the total displacement, and to determine the timing of basin development. In this study, tectonic influence direction of the NAFS on tectonic and hydrologic basins Bolu, Yenicaga, Dortdivan, Cerkes, Ilgaz and Tosya has been investigated to deduce information about the formation stages and interaction betwee...
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Buğdaycıoğlu, Çağrı; Bozkurt, Erdin; Department of Geological Engineering (2004)
The Menderes Massif forms a large metamorphic culmination in western Turkey ا an extensional province where continental lithosphere has been stretching following Palaeogene crustal thickening. Northern sector of the Massif on the horst between Gördes and Demirci Basins was chosen for structural analysis aimed to study the tectono-metamorphic evolution of the northern Menderes Massif. Within the study area, four groups of rocks are recognized: (1) the metamorphic rocks ا orthogneisses and metasediments; (2) ...
Ellero, Alessandro; Ottria, Giuseppe; Sayıt, Kaan; Catanzariti, Rita; Frassi, Chiara; Göncüoğlu, Mehmet Cemal; Marroni, Michele; Pandolfi, Luca (2015-01-01)
In the Central Pontides (Northern Turkey), south of Tosya, a tectonic unit consisting of not-metamorphic volcanic rocks and overlying sedimentary succession is exposed inside a fault-bounded elongated block. It is restrained within a wide shear zone, where the Intra-Pontide suture zone, the Sakarya terrane and the Izmir-Ankara-Erzincan suture zone are juxtaposed as result of strike-slip activity of the North Anatolian shear zone. The volcanic rocks are mainly basalts and basaltic andesites (with their pyroc...
Geochemical constraints on the Cenozoic, OIB-type alkaline volcanic rocks of NW Turkey: Implications for mantle sources and melting processes
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The volcanic province of North-West Turkey contains a number of intra-continental alkaline volcanic eruption sequences formed along the localized extensional basins developed in relation with the Late Cenozoic extensional processes. The volcanic suite comprises the extracted melt products of adiabatic decompression melting of the mantle that are represented by small-volume intra-continental plate volcanic rocks of alkaline olivine basalts and basanites with compositions representative of mantle-derived, pri...
Sevgen, Serhat; Yücel, Mustafa; Department of Oceanography (2021-5-21)
Mid- Atlantic Ridge (MAR) is a very special tectonic environment which contains compositioanlly distinct hydrothermal vent fields as a result of its slow spreading character. Considering the increasing efforts on understanding the role of hydrothermal vents in both local and global ocean system, MAR enables to develop a wholistic approach to study formation, evolution and near field transportation of hydrothermal vent products in different vent fields at the same time. Here we present our results obtained f...
Citation Formats
D. J. J. van Hinsbergen et al., “Tectonic evolution and paleogeography of the Kırşehir Block and the Central Anatolian Ophiolites, Turkey,” Tectonics, pp. 983–1014, 2016, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/28193.