Middle Carnian Arc-Type Basalts from the Lycian Nappes, Southwestern Anatolia: Early Late Triassic Subduction in the Northern Branch of Neotethys

The Turunc Unit, which represents one of the tectonic slices within the Lycian Nappes in southwestern Anatolia, preserves the remnants derived from the northern branch of Neotethys. The unit includes basalts intercalated with pelagic limestones of middle Carnian age (early Late Triassic) based on the characteristic radiolarian assemblage of the Tetraporobrachia haeckeli Zone. The Turunc lavas reflect trace element signatures resembling those from subduction zones, displaying selective enrichment of Th and light rare earth elements over high-field strength elements and heavy rare earth elements. Considering the overall geochemical characteristics of the Turunc basalts and given that they are found to be associated with no continent-derived detritus, the Turunc lavas appear to represent fragments of a Late Triassic island arc formed on the Neotethyan oceanic lithosphere. This result is of particular importance, since it reflects the oldest subduction age obtained from the entire Neotethyan realm to date. It may further indicate that the Neotethyan oceanic lithosphere had already been formed by the early Late Triassic, thus suggesting a pre-early Late Triassic oceanization of the northern branch of Neotethys. On the basis of this, we also suggest that the initial rifting leading to the opening of the northern branch of Neotethys should have taken place during the Middle Triassic or earlier.


Middle-Late Triassic radiolarian cherts from the Arkotdag m lange in northern Turkey: implications for the life span of the northern Neotethyan branch
TEKİN, UĞUR KAĞAN; Göncüoğlu, Mehmet Cemal; Pandolfi, Luca; Marroni, Michele (2012-09-01)
Moderately to well-preserved, relatively diverse Middle and Late Triassic radiolarian assemblages have been obtained from the chert slide-blocks within the Late Cretaceous melange of the IntraPontide Suture Zone at the Pelitoren village to the NE of Kastamonu-Arac in northern Central Anatolia. In this locality, chert slide-blocks are tectonically overlain by metamorphic sole of the serpentinized peridotites belonging to the IntraPontide ophiolites. The oldest radiolarian assemblages, with the middle Late An...
Late Cretaceous Arc Magmatism in the Southern Central Pontides: Constraints for the closure of the Northern Neotethyan branches
Sayıt, Kaan; Cemal Göncüoğlu, M.; Ellero, Alessandro; Ottria, Giuseppe; Frassi, Chiara; Marroni, Michele; Pandolfi, Luca (2022-01-31)
In the southern Central Pontides in northern Turkey the remnants of two Neotethyan oceanic basins, currently represented by the Intra-Pontide and the Izmir-Ankara-Erzincan sutures, and the interposing continental microplate (i.e., the Sakarya Composite Terrane) are completely dissected by the North Anatolian Shear Zone (NASZ). Within the resulting kilometre-scale, strike-slip fault-bounded blocks, several Late Cretaceous arc-type magmatic units have been detected. In this paper, we present new geochemical d...
Early-Middle Triassic echinoderm remains from the Istranca Massif, Turkey
Hagdorn, Hans; Göncüoğlu, Mehmet Cemal (2007-01-01)
In the northwestern part of the Istranca Massif close to the Turkish-Bulgarian border, recrystallized limestones above germanotype fluvial clastics (Buntsandstein-equivalents) yielded remains of echinoderms and bivalves. The limestones are lensoidal, flaser-bedded and bioturbated, like the Holocrinus lagerstatten, which are common in the germanotype Muschelkalk. The sufficiently preserved crinoid ossicles can be assigned to genus Holocrinus, a crinoid clade that occurs worldwide in Early and Middle Triassic...
Ellero, Alessandro; Ottria, Giuseppe; Sayıt, Kaan; Catanzariti, Rita; Frassi, Chiara; Göncüoğlu, Mehmet Cemal; Marroni, Michele; Pandolfi, Luca (2015-01-01)
In the Central Pontides (Northern Turkey), south of Tosya, a tectonic unit consisting of not-metamorphic volcanic rocks and overlying sedimentary succession is exposed inside a fault-bounded elongated block. It is restrained within a wide shear zone, where the Intra-Pontide suture zone, the Sakarya terrane and the Izmir-Ankara-Erzincan suture zone are juxtaposed as result of strike-slip activity of the North Anatolian shear zone. The volcanic rocks are mainly basalts and basaltic andesites (with their pyroc...
Post miocene tectonic of çeltikçi graben, southern margin of galatian volcanic province, Central Anatolia
Berberoğlu, Umur; Rojay, Fuat Bora; Department of Geological Engineering (2019)
The Çeltikçi basin is located at the southern margin of a volcanic terrain known as “Galatian Volcanic Province” located on top of Cretaceous accretionary prism and to the south of North Anatolian Fault. The aim of this study is to investigate the difference in the style and intensity of deformation between Plio-Quaternary clastics and Miocene units. The units exposed in the area are classified as, from oldest to youngest, Miocene volcanics, Miocene Çeltikçi formation, Plio-Quaternary and Quaternary units. ...
Citation Formats
K. Sayıt and M. C. Göncüoğlu, “Middle Carnian Arc-Type Basalts from the Lycian Nappes, Southwestern Anatolia: Early Late Triassic Subduction in the Northern Branch of Neotethys,” JOURNAL OF GEOLOGY, pp. 561–579, 2015, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/29870.