Support needs of the survivors of the August 17, 1999 earthquake in Turkey

Kasapoglu, A
Ecevit, Y
Ecevit, Mehmet Cihan
This paper aims to present a sociological analysis of social support related to disaster sociology in general and earthquakes specifically. The analysis is based on field research conducted a year after the 17 August 1999 East Marmara earthquake where 18000 people died; 50000 people injured; 5000 buildings collapsed and 340000 of them damaged; 14513 businesses closed; 150000 people became unemployed; and 129338 forced to live in prefabricated houses. The research primarily aims to understand the support needs by focusing mainly on the following issues about the earthquake survivors: (i) which and what support types and areas are mostly desired by them; (ii) which independent variables are the most effective on their demands; and (iii) from which persons or institutions have they received support and wanted to be supported by. Marginal development of the civil society; high degree of expectations of almost everything from the state; psychological factors being less influential compared with West and education being the primary influential factor are some of the significant results of this research.


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Citation Formats
A. Kasapoglu, Y. Ecevit, and M. C. Ecevit, “Support needs of the survivors of the August 17, 1999 earthquake in Turkey,” SOCIAL INDICATORS RESEARCH, pp. 229–248, 2004, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: