Hide/Show Apps

Investigation of soil multi element composition in Antalya Turkey

Nilgün, güvenç
Omar, Alagha
Tuncel, Süleyman Gürdal
he chemical composition of 73 surface soil samples collected at the city of Antalya were analyzed for major, minor and trace elements to assess distribution of soil pollution, due to deposition of pollution-derived particles from the atmosphere. Comparison with data from rural area and distribution maps demonstrated that the composition of soil by metals is not significantly modified by anthropogenic activities in most of the city and its surroundings. In these areas, observed concentrations can be largely accounted for by occurrence of elements in aluminasilicate matrix of soil. However, soil composition is altered substantially close to major industries and at the settlement districts. In such limited areas, concentrations of anthropogenic elements such as Cd, Pb, Zn, Cu and Cr are factors of 20-50 higher than their concentrations in unperturbed soil. Factor analysis revealed three groups of elements that differ in their distributions. One of these components is unperturbed soil component, which is distributed uniformly in the study area; the second one is polluted soil, which is mostly confined to settlement areas and around industries; and the third is a mixed marine and motor vehicle impacted soil component, which occurred at the coastal parts of the city. (C)z 2003 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.