Economic performance and political outcomes: An analysis of the Turkish parliamentary and local election results between 1950 and 2004

Akarca, Ali T.
Tansel, Aysıt
The results of twenty-five Turkish elections for parliament and local administrations between 1950 and 2004 are studied. Turkish voters are found to take government's economic performance into account but not look back beyond one year. Furthermore, they are found to hold the major incumbent party responsible for both growth and inflation but minor incumbent parties, only for inflation. Also, they appear to vote strategically, especially in local and parliamentary by elections, to diffuse power. Finally, all parties exhibit a steady depreciation in their political capital while in office. These conclusions are essentially in conformity with the literature on other countries.


Social and economic determinants of Turkish voter choice in the 1995 parliamentary election
Akarca, Ali T.; Tansel, Aysıt (2007-09-01)
The 1995 Turkish parliamentary election was held almost under the conditions of a controlled experiment. The unique cross-section data pertaining to this election is utilized to study the voter behavior in Turkey. Turkish voters are found to take govemment's economic performance into account but not look back beyond I year. A poor performance is found to benefit the extremist opposition parties at the expense of the major incumbent party. The minor incumbent and the centrist opposition parties appear to be ...
Economic Management under the Presidential System of Government in Turkey: Beyond the Depoliticization versus Repoliticisation Dichotomy
Bedirhanoğlu Toker, Pınar (2021-11-01)
Passage to Presidential System of Government in Turkey in 2018 meant a leap in the state’s neoliberal transformation since the 1980s. In the economic field, this led to politicized, centralized and personalized management practices in contrast to the earlier neoliberal mottos of depoliticization, decentralization and institu- tionalization. This article presents a detailed critical analysis of politicized government strategies during the August 2018 currency crisis to highlight class-based historical contin...
Spatial analysis of contemporary Turkish elections: a comprehensive approach
Özen, İlhan Can (2017-01-01)
This study offers a comprehensive approach to spatial analysis of parliamentary elections in Turkey since 2002. Using advanced spatial models, we find that electoral competitiveness and concentration mostly stabilized in the Western subprovinces whereas they are still in flux in the Eastern and Southern regions. There is an increasing level of geographically dependent concentration and competitiveness in recent elections, particularly in the 2015 elections (June and November). Our analyses also show that wh...
Socio-spatial practices of the pro-kurdish municipalities : the case of Diyarbakir
Öztürk, Duygu Canan; Ersoy, Melih; Urban Design in City and Regional Planning Department (2013)
The first election of the pro-Kurdish parties to the municipalities in Turkey was the 1999 local elections. It was the first time in Turkey that a legal political party representing the Kurdish movement overtook of a state institution ruling local power in the cities where Kurds live intensely. The fact that the pro-Kurdish parties have run the municipalities in Diyarbakır since 1999 has great effects on the space production in the city. This thesis mainly focuses on the socio-spatial practices of the pro-K...
Political Changes in Turkey and the Futureof Turkey-EU Relations: From Convergence to Conflict?
Eralp, Atila; Göksel, Asuman (null; 2018-09-04)
This paper presents an analysis of the political changes in Turkey since 1999, through a process-tracing exercise for four political drivers -namely democratisation, civil-military relations, the Kurdish question and foreign policy orientation- that unfold these changes under three periods of Turkey’s political history (1999-2002; 2007-2013; 2013-present); and secondly presenting an assessment of which of the three FEUTURE scenarios for Turkey-EU relations—convergence, cooperation or conflict —is the most l...
Citation Formats
A. T. Akarca and A. Tansel, “Economic performance and political outcomes: An analysis of the Turkish parliamentary and local election results between 1950 and 2004,” PUBLIC CHOICE, pp. 77–105, 2006, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: