Effects of Ingredients on Thermal and Mechanical Properties of Acrylic Bone Cements

There is a very delicate relation between the amounts of all the ingredients present in the cement composition and the properties of the product. In this study, homogeneous poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) microspheres were prepared by suspension polymerization technique, and used in cement formulations. Various acrylic cements with different compositions were prepared by using PMMA microspheres, methyl methacrylate (MMA) monomer, radiopaque agent of barium sulfate (BaSO4), inorganic particles of hydroxyapatite (HA), initiator and chain stopping agent of 1-dodecyl mercaptan (DDM). The effects of these additives on mechanical and thermal properties of the resultant cements were examined. Addition of 8% HA relative to the solid parts caused an increase in both tensile and compressive strengths from 20.40 to 25.20 MPa, and from 84.04 to 89.57 MPa, respectively, while curing temperature was decreased about 3 degrees. Chain stepping agent of DDM caused a sharp decrease about 30 degrees in the curing temperature. Radiopaque agent of barium sulfate caused inverse effect on mechanical and thermal properties. (C) 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 113: 4077-4084, 2009


Preparation, modification, and characterization of acrylic cements
Basgorenay, B; Ulubayram, K; Serbetci, K; Onurhan, E; Hasırcı, Nesrin (2006-03-15)
Acrylic cements with different compositions were prepared by mixing the solid part (composed of poly(methyl methacrylate), PMMA, and benzoyl peroxide, BPO) and the liquid part (composed of methyl methacrylate, MMA, and N,N-dimethyl-p-toluidine, DMPT), modified by addition of hydroxyapatite (HA) and ammonium nitrate (AN) and characterized by measuring thermal and mechanical properties. Three sets of samples were prepared. For B-group, the total amount of solid including HA was constant but the PMMA to HA rat...
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Başkoçak, Altuğ; Mert, Behiç; Department of Food Engineering (2011)
Hydrogenation is one of the most applied techniques in the fats and oils industry to produce wide range of hardened fats with different physical and chemical properties. Each different combination of hydrogenation conditions serves products of different rheological and micro-structural properties. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to examine the effect of different industrially available catalysts on rheological and micro-structural properties of hydrogenated fats. Three different catalysts were used ...
Modification of Acrylic Bone Cements with Oxygen Plasma and Additives
Endoğan Tanır, Tuğba; Kızıltay, Aysel; Hasırcı, Vasıf Nejat; Hasırcı, Nesrin (2012-09-01)
Acrylic bone cements which are commonly used for the fixation of orthopedic prostheses, were prepared at different formulations, by using either ground poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) particles or homogeneously synthesized PMMA microspheres with application of plasma and addition of various ingredients in order to improve mechanical and thermal properties. PMMA powders having three different particle size (ground and sieved particles with 0-50 mu m (BC1 group, average particle size: 21 mu m) and 50-150 mu ...
Effects of glass fiber content, 3D-printing and weathering on the performance of polylactide
Varsavaş, Sakine Deniz; Kaynak, Cevdet; Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering (2017)
The purpose of the first part of this thesis was to investigate how optimum mechanical properties (strength-modulus-toughness) of inherently very brittle polylactide (PLA) could be obtained by reinforcing with E-glass fibers (GF) and blending with thermoplastic polyurethane elastomer (TPU). Composites and blends were compounded by twin-screw extruder melt mixing, while specimens were shaped by injection molding. SEM analyses revealed that 15 wt% GF reinforcements and 10 wt% TPU domains, alone or together, c...
Effects of granulated blast furnace slag trass and limestone fineness on the properties of blended cements
Delibaş, Tuğhan; Yaman, İsmail Özgür; Hoşten, Çetin; Department of Cement Engineering (2012)
The aim of this research was to determine the effects of the fineness of different mineral additives on loss on ignition, heat of hydration, physical, mechanical and chemical properties of blended cements. For that purpose, portland cement clinker was replaced with granulated blast furnace slag (GBFS), natural pozzolan (NP) and limestone (L) at 6%, 20% and 35% replacement levels. Blended cements containing GBFS and NP were ground to a fineness of 3000, 5000 and 6000 cm2/g. Cements containing L were ground t...
Citation Formats
T. Endoğan Tanır and N. Hasırcı, “Effects of Ingredients on Thermal and Mechanical Properties of Acrylic Bone Cements,” JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE, pp. 4077–4084, 2009, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/30751.