How do survivors perceive community resilience? The case of the 2011 earthquakes in Van, Turkey

Dogulu, Canay
Karancı, Ayşe Nuray
Ikizer, Gozde
Understanding and facilitating community resilience have been increasingly acknowledged as important aspects of disaster risk management. The concept is often described as bouncing back or forward following disaster events. Various attempts have been made to conceptualize resilience of communities and individuals to disasters. The present research aimed to qualitatively explore survivors' perceptions of community resilience in the case of the 2011 Van earthquakes in Turkey. To this end, in-depth interviews were conducted, as part of a large-scale study, with twenty earthquake survivors recruited through snowball sampling in Van. Consensual qualitative research method was employed for data analysis. The findings provided an understanding of both specific indicators related to resilience in the post-quake period and also how survivors perceive characteristics related to general resilience for earthquakes. The findings pointed out that resilience is perceived to be related to provision of adequate, timely aid and services distributed fairly and to good governance, financial resources, and faith following earthquakes as well as to awareness, preparedness and mitigation, and social solidarity before quakes. The implications of the findings for disaster risk management with a view of facilitating resilience and suggestions for future research are provided.


Building Resilience Amongst Communities in Europe (EMBRACE)
Karancı, Ayşe Nuray(2015-9-30)
In an interdisciplinary, socially inclusive and collaborative context, emBRACE aims to improve the framing of resilience in the context of disasters in Europe. It will develop a conceptual and methodological approach to clarify how the resilience capacity of a society confronted with natural hazards and disasters can be characterized, defined and measured. On the basis of a systematic evaluation of the widest literature base, the project will first elaborate an initial conceptual framework. Disaster footpri...
Investigation of personal qualities contributing to psyhological resilience among earthquake survivors : a model testing study
Karaırmak, Özlem; Owen, Dean; Department of Educational Sciences (2007)
This study is designed to investigate the relationships among affective and cognitive personal qualities leading to psychological resilience among natural disaster survivors. The main assumption of this study is that positive personal qualities might be associated with better psychological adjustment. The study aimed at testing a hypothesized theoretical model accounting for resilience with regard to personal qualities. The sample for this study was composed of individuals who were exposed to earthquakes th...
Sert Özkiremitçi, Merve; Balaban, Osman; Department of City and Regional Planning (2022-5-11)
The aim of this study is to discuss the effectiveness and efficiency of urban planning in reducing the risk of natural disasters in cities and to analyse the relationship between planning and disaster mitigation processes. The study focuses particularly on the analysis of Eskişehir case with reference to data and information on disaster risk analysis, existing urban development plans as well as the plan implementation processes. After the 1999 Gölcük and Düzce Earthquakes, Eskişehir has also faced and to a ...
How prepared individuals and communities are for evacuation in tsunami prone areas in Europe? Findings from the ASTARTE EU Programme
Lavigne, Frank; Grancher, Delphine; Goeldner Gianella, Lydie; Karancı, Ayşe Nuray; Doğulu, Nilay; Kânoğlu, Utku; Ve, Diğerleri (2016-04-17)
Understanding social vulnerability to tsunamis provides risk managers with the required information to determine whether individuals have the capacity to evacuate, and therefore to take mitigation measures to protect their communities. In the frame of the EU programme ASTARTE (Assessment, STrategy And Risk reduction for Tsunamis in Europe), we conducted a questionnaire-based survey among 1,661 people from 41 nationalities living in, working in, or visiting 10 Test Sites from 9 different countries. The quest...
Using a Luhmannian perspective for earthquake resilience
Rittersberger, Helga İda (Emerald, 2019-6-3)
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to interpret Luhmann's Social Systems Theory to discuss disaster resilience, and use its functional method for creating local organizational inventories to support the trend of integration in Turkey's disaster management system. For this, the authors used a case study from Duzce province in 2013, investigating the organizational aftermath of two major earthquakes in 1999. Design/methodology/approach A purposive sample of local associations in city center of Duzce prov...
Citation Formats
C. Dogulu, A. N. Karancı, and G. Ikizer, “How do survivors perceive community resilience? The case of the 2011 earthquakes in Van, Turkey,” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF DISASTER RISK REDUCTION, pp. 108–114, 2016, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: