Effects of different long-day photoperiods on somatic growth and gonadal development in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus L.)

Rad, F
Bozaoglu, S
Gozukara, Se
Karahan, Arzu
Kurt, G
Long-day photoperiods are considered as an effective managerial tool in manipulating somatic growth and reproduction in a number of fish species. Effects of three different artificial long-day photoperiods on somatic growth and gonadal development of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus L.) were investigated in this study. Swim-up fry with a mean initial weight of 0.06 g were exposed to 24L:0D, 20L:4D and 18L:6D artificial photoperiods and ambient light regime (control) for 24 weeks at 27.0 +/- 1 degrees C. The effect of photoperiodic manipulation was only detectable and statistically meaningful during fingerling stage. Long-day photoperiods resulted in significantly higher mean final weights and specific growth rates (SGR) than natural light regime. The highest mean final weight (24.94 +/- 0.45 g) and SGR (3.46 +/- 0.03% day(-1)) were obtained under 24L: OD photoperiod. Mean female gonadosomatic index (GSI) and mean oocyte size were significantly lower in fish maintained under continuous light regime (24L:0D) than those of 20L:4D, 18L:6D treatments and control. The highest gonadosomatic indices were recorded in control female and males. Mean oocyte diameter in fish exposed to continuous light was measured as 1.05 +/- 0.06 mm with the bulk of the oocytes (60.0%) in pre-vitellogenic stage (<= 1.20 mm). On the contrary, oocyte size and size distribution of oocytes in 20L:4D, 18L:6D photoperiod groups and control were indicating a more advanced oocyte development stage, i.e. vitellogenic (1.2-1.8 mm) and post-vitellogenic stages (> 2.1-2.4 mm). Basically, results obtained support the idea that continuous artificial lighting may be influential on enhancing somatic growth and delaying gonadal development in Nile tilapia during fingerling stage.


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Citation Formats
F. Rad, S. Bozaoglu, S. Gozukara, A. Karahan, and G. Kurt, “Effects of different long-day photoperiods on somatic growth and gonadal development in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus L.),” AQUACULTURE, pp. 292–300, 2006, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/31323.