Establishing space industry in developing countries: Opportunities and difficulties

Although it is generally agreed that the outer space should be used for the benefit of all mankind, only a fraction of the countries have the necessary technological base for accessing space. Space technology, with its implications on science, economy and well-being of citizens, is mostly chosen as one of the priority areas for technological development by developing countries. However, there is already an over-capacity in global space industry and there are doubts on necessity of additional capacity establishment by developing countries. In this study, the importance and benefits of capacity-building in these countries are emphasized and the advantages and disadvantages that developing countries have in the framework of space technology acquisition are briefly presented. The feasibility of certain levels of space technology is discussed and the necessity of combining existing indigenous capabilities with technology obtained from foreign sources in the optimal way is stressed. We have also mentioned various general mechanisms of technology transfer and argued the importance of licensing in catching-up developed countries. After considering the necessary conditions of efficiency of technology, such as establishment of regional centers of space science and technology education by United Nations, joint development of space systems, complete technology transfer packages, cooperative space projects within regional organizations, coordinated constellations and special agreements with large space agencies, which are specific mechanisms already in use, are reviewed. Some typical examples of mechanisms are also given with special emphasize on small satellite technology that makes access to space affordable for many countries. Through sharing and analyzing the experience of developing countries in their odyssey of space capacity-building, the difficulties can be negotiated and the vicious circles can be broken. This study, in our view, is a step to incite a general discussion of obstacles and opportunities for developing countries, that could help them in using their limited resources effectively, hence, enable them to offer better conditions to their citizens and to contribute space science to a larger extend. (C) 2008 COSPAR. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Forecasting of ionospheric electron density trough for characterization of aerospace medium
Kocabaş, Zeynep; Tulunay, Yurdanur; Department of Aerospace Engineering (2009)
Modeling the ionosphere, where the effects of solar dynamo becomes more effective to space based and ground borne activities, has an undeniable importance for telecommunication and navigation purposes. Mid-latitude electron density trough is an interesting phenomenon in characterizing the behavior of the ionosphere, especially during disturbed conditions. Modeling the mid-latitude electron density trough is a very popular research subject which has been studied by several researchers until now. In this work...
Power stage design and implementation of a deploymentmechanism driver for space applications
Özdemir, Başak Gonca; Hızal, Mirzahan; Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering (2012)
With the developments in space technology, the capabilities of spacecrafts have been increased considerably which in turn have entailed the development of more efficient spacecrafts in terms of cost, mass, size and power. One way to achieve such a development is the replacement of body mounted appendages with the deployable ones, which greatly reduces the size, mass and cost of the spacecraft especially when large appendages are considered. In order to obtain these deployable structures, deployment mechanis...
Spatial dynamics of producer services in Ankara
Gökce, Buğra; Günay, Baykan; Department of City and Regional Planning (2008)
In the last three decades, depending on advances in communication technologies, there is a popular discussion that urban functions can be located independent from space. In other words, each urban function can locate to any zones of a city due to communication technology-based connections, in a so called “deterritorialization”. These new sprawl-based locations can be seen in the central business districts (CBD) of cities, especially by producer service functions. This thesis will investigate the validity of...
Investigating the house-church in Dura-Europos: production of social space
Güney, Ahmet Öncü; Güven, Suna Naziyet; Department of History of Architecture (2012)
This thesis investigates space through its relationship with society based on the idea of the social production of space. By employing the social concepts of community and institution, and the spatial concepts of shelter space and marker space, it provides a theoretical perspective for the evaluation of space in architectural history. This theoretical frame is supplied with a case study on the evolution of Early Christian community and their meeting place. The historical course of the Early Christianity in ...
An Impact assessment model for technology development programs
Tiryaki, Erkan; Çakır, Serhat; Department of Science and Technology Policy Studies (2020)
Economic and social development of a country is directly related with the sustainable technology development capabilities and innovation capabilities of its own. Technology development activities are assumed to be the most challenging process of the R&D ecosystem. Mostly the public sector funds the technology development programs because of the required huge resources, difficulty in coordination of multiple partners and risky management stages. This dissertion aims to submit an impact assessment model for e...
Citation Formats
U. M. Leloğlu, “Establishing space industry in developing countries: Opportunities and difficulties,” ADVANCES IN SPACE RESEARCH, pp. 1879–1886, 2008, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: