Petrochemicals from ethanol over a W-Si-based nanocomposite bidisperse solid acid catalyst

Varisli, Dilek
Doğu, Timur
Very high ethylene selectivity values approaching 100% and very high ethanol conversion values approaching 85% were obtained in dehydration of ethanol over a new W-silicate-based nanocomposite catalyst having both meso and macropores and containing a W/Si atomic ratio of 0.85. Silicotungsticacid was successfully incorporated into the catalyst structure following a one-pot hydrothermal synthesis procedure. This catalyst is highly stable and does not loose activity in polar solvents and it has a sufficiently high surface area for catalytic applications. Calcination temperature of the catalyst was found to have a very significant effect on the catalyst structure and also on its catalytic performance in ethanol dehydration. Maximum selectivity of the second major reaction product diethylether was obtained as 0.7 at 200 degrees C, with the catalyst which was calcined at 400 degrees C. Very high ethylene and diethylether yield values obtained in this study at different reaction conditions are highly promising for the production of petrochemicals from ethanol.


Ethylene and diethyl-ether production by dehydration reaction of ethanol over different heteropolyacid catalysts
Varisli, Dilek; Doğu, Timur; Dogu, Gulsen (2007-09-01)
Dehydration reaction of ethanol was investigated in a temperature range of 140-250 degrees C with three different heteropolyacid catalysts, namely tungstophosphoricacid (TPA), silicotungsticacid (STA) and molybdophosphoricacid (NIPA). Very high ethylene yields over 0.75 obtained at 250 degrees C with TPA was highly promising. At temperatures lower than 180 degrees C the main product was diethyl-ether. Presence of water vapor was shown to cause some decrease of catalyst activity. Results showing that product...
Poly(4-styrenesulfonic acid-co-maleic acid) stabilized nickel(0) nanoparticles: Highly active and cost effective catalyst in hydrogen generation from the hydrolysis of hydrazine borane
Sencanli, Selin; Karahan, Senem; Özkar, Saim (Elsevier BV, 2013-11-13)
When hydrazine borane is added to the solution of nickel(II) chloride and poly(4-styrenesulfonic acid-co-maleic acid), PSSMA, both reduction of nickel(II) ions to nickel(0) nanoparticles and hydrogen release from the hydrolysis of hydrazine borane occur concomitantly at room temperature. Using the hydrogen evolution from the hydrolysis of hydrazine borane as reporter reaction provides valuable insights to the formation kinetics of nickel(0) nanoparticles. Nickel(0) nanoparticles are in situ formed from the ...
Ethylene and acetaldehyde production by selective oxidation of ethanol using mesoporous V-MCM-41 catalysts
Gucbilmez, Yesim; Doğu, Timur; Balci, Suna (2006-05-10)
Vanadium-incorporated MCM-41 type catalytic materials, which were synthesized by a direct hydrothermal synthesis procedure, showed very high activity and high selectivity in the production of ethylene from ethanol in an oxidative process. Ethylene selectivity showed a significant increase with an increase in temperature over 300 degrees C, while relatively high acetaldehyde selectivities were observed at lower temperatures. An ethylene yield value of 0.66 obtained at 400 degrees C with an O-2/ethanol feed r...
Polyaniline: synthesis characterization solution properties and composites
Yılmaz, Faris; Küçükyavuz, Zuhal; Department of Polymer Science and Technology (2007)
Polyaniline was chemically synthesized at three different temperatures of 25, 0, and -25oC, by oxidative polymerization with ammonium peroxidisulfate at equimolar of aniline to oxidant ratio and 1M HCl. The resulted polyaniline was in a powder form which was characterized by several techniques such as: electrical conductivity, elemental analysis, thermal analysis, wide-angle X-Ray diffraction, and scanning electron microscope. The solution properties of the reduced polymer were studied by viscometry, static...
Dimethyl ether from syngas and effect of CO2 sorption on product distribution over a new bifunctional catalyst pair containing STA@SBA-15
Direct synthesis of dimethyl ether (DME) from syngas was investigated in the presence of a bifunctional catalyst pair containing silicotungstic acid (STA) incorporated SBA-15 (5, 10, 25% by wt. STA) for the in-situ dehydration of synthesized methanol. The methanol synthesis component of this catalyst mixture is a Cu/ZnO-based commercial (HF) catalytic material. The new STA@SBA-15 type solid acid catalysts synthesized in this study indicated ordered mesoporous structures with surface area values in the range...
Citation Formats
D. Varisli, T. Doğu, and G. DOĞU, “Petrochemicals from ethanol over a W-Si-based nanocomposite bidisperse solid acid catalyst,” CHEMICAL ENGINEERING SCIENCE, pp. 153–159, 2010, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: