Characteristics of free overfall for supercritical flows

The characteristics of supercritical flow at a vertical drop in a rectangular channel are studied experimentally to obtain information that would be valuable to designers of hydraulic structures. The relationship between the ratio of brink depth to the depth of upstrearn supercritical flow (i.e., end-depth ratio) and the Froude number is determined. Downstream from the vertical drop, the physical characteristics of the failing jet are examined, such as the height of the standing water behind the jet, the maximum horizontal distance of the jet hitting the floor downstream, the height and length of the splashing water, and the horizontal distance where the downstream flow gains uniformity. The energy loss between the drop and stable downstream flow is also studied.


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Akdağ, Osman; Sert, Cüneyt; Department of Mechanical Engineering (2012)
The main purpose of this study is to develop a flow solver that employs triangular grids to solve two-dimensional, viscous, laminar, steady, incompressible flows. The flow solver is based on Least Squares Spectral Element Method (LSSEM). It has p-type adaptive mesh refinement/coarsening capability and supports p-type nonconforming element interfaces. To validate the developed flow solver several benchmark problems are studied and successful results are obtained. The performances of two different triangular ...
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ÖZEL, HALİL FIRAT; Sarıtaş, Afşin; Tasbahji, Tayseer (2017-04-15)
Estimation of vibration characteristics and thus the seismic loads acted on steel framed structures are influenced by the presence of semi-rigid connections and accurate modeling of shear deformations and rotary inertia effects. This paper presents a finite element model that takes into account all these effects in order to calculate consistent stiffness and mass matrices. The formulation of the element utilizes three fields Hu-Washizu-Barr principle, where the need for displacement shape function approxima...
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Khalaf, A. A.; Saka, M. P. (Elsevier BV, 2007-01-01)
Evolutionary structural optimization is applied to determine the optimum shape of steel gusset plates subjected to axial forces. A number of different gusset plates used in various types of connections is considered for this purpose. The evolutionary structural optimization approach is employed to find the optimum shapes of a gusset plate used in these connections. The first example considers a gusset plate having two holes which are utilized in the connection of double angle carrying a tensile force. Withi...
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Yalçınkaya, Tuncay (2015-07-01)
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Comparison of elastic and inelastic behavior of historic masonry structures at the low load levels
Özen, Garip Önder; Ünay, Ali İhsan; Department of Building Science in Architecture (2007)
Conventional methods used in the structural analysis are usually insufficient for the analysis of historical structures because of the complex geometry and heterogeneous material properties of the structure. Today’s computing facilities and methods make FEM the most suitable analysis method for complex structural geometry and heterogeneous material properties. Even the shrinkage, creep of the material can be considered in the analysis. Because of this reason Finite Element Method (FEM) is used to analyze su...
Citation Formats
N. Tokyay, “Characteristics of free overfall for supercritical flows,” CANADIAN JOURNAL OF CIVIL ENGINEERING, pp. 162–169, 2007, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: