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Comparison of linear and quadratic hexahedral edge elements in electromagnetic scattering problems

In this article, performances of linear and quadratic hexahedral edge elements are compared in the context of electromagnetic scattering problems. The de-facto standard of 0.1 lambda element size for linear elements is taken as a basis; and 0.3 to 0.4 lambda-size quadratic element usage is proposed for a better accuracy level with dramatic reduction in computation time and 7 memory. The proposed scheme is applied to some well-known practical problems. (c) 2007 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.