An exposure-effect approach for evaluating ecosystem-wide risks from human activities

Download
2015-03-01
Knights, Antony M.
PIET, Gerjan J.
JONGBLOED, Ruud H.
TAMIS, Jacqueline E.
White, Lydia
Akoğlu, Ekin
BOICENCO, Laura
CHURİLOVA, Tanya
KRYVENKO, Olga
FLEMING-LEHTINEN, Vivi
LEPPANEN, Juha-Markku
GALIL, Bella S.
GOODSİR, Freya
Goren, Menachem
MARGONSKİ, Piotr
MONCHEVA, Snejana
OGUZ, Temel
PAPADOPOULOU, K. Nadia
SETALA, Outi
SMITH, Chris J.
STEFANOVA, Kremena
TİMOFTE, Florin
Robinson, Leonie A.
Ecosystem-based management (EBM) is promoted as the solution for sustainable use. An ecosystem-wide assessment methodology is therefore required. In this paper, we present an approach to assess the risk to ecosystem components from human activities common to marine and coastal ecosystems. We build on: (i) a linkage framework that describes how human activities can impact the ecosystem through pressures, and (ii) a qualitative expert judgement assessment of impact chains describing the exposure and sensitivity of ecological components to those activities. Using case study examples applied at European regional sea scale, we evaluate the risk of an adverse ecological impact from current human activities to a suite of ecological components and, once impacted, the time required for recovery to pre-impact conditions should those activities subside. Grouping impact chains by sectors, pressure type, or ecological components enabled impact risks and recovery times to be identified, supporting resource managers in their efforts to prioritize threats for management, identify most at-risk components, and generate time frames for ecosystem recovery.
ICES JOURNAL OF MARINE SCIENCE

Suggestions

A robust optimization model for sustainable and resilient closed-loop supply chain network design considering conditional value at risk
Lotfi, Reza; Mehrjerdi, Yahia Zare; Pishvaee, Mir Saman; Sadeghieh, Ahmad; Weber, Gerhard Wilhelm (2021-06-01)
One of the challenges facing supply chain designers is designing a sustainable and resilient supply chain network. The present study considers a closed-loop supply chain by taking into account sustainability, resilience, robustness, and risk aversion for the first time. The study suggests a two-stage mixed-integer linear programming model for the problem. Further, the robust counterpart model is used to handle uncertainties. Furthermore, conditional value at risk criterion in the model is considered in orde...
An environmental assessment of risk in achieving good environmental status to support regional prioritisation of management in Europe
BREEN, P.; et. al. (2012-09-01)
The Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) aims to achieve Good Environmental Status (GES) in Europe's Seas. The requirement for regional sea authorities to identify and prioritise issues for management has meant that standardized methods to assess the current level of departure from GES are needed. The methodology presented here provides a means by which existing information describing the status of ecosystem components of a regional sea can be used to determine the effort required to achieve GES. A ri...
Using boolean- and fuzzy-logic-based methods to analyze multiple case study evidence in management research
Oz, O (SAGE Publications, 2004-06-01)
The case study method has been widely used as a research strategy in the management field. The issues of comparability and of generalizability when using this method, however, continue to raise profound challenges for researchers. Boolean- and fuzzy-logic-based methods offer a valuable basis for a contribution in this respect because they enable researchers to derive valid meaning from data and to introduce additional analytical rigor into case study research. Inspired by this opportunity, the present artic...
MULTI-LEVEL OPTIMIZATION OF AN AUTOMOTIVE CLOSED-LOOP SUPPLY CHAIN NETWORK WITH INTERACTIVE FUZZY PROGRAMMING APPROACHES
Yılbaşı, Abdullah; Çalık, Ahmet; Paksoy, Turan; Zanjirani Farahani, Reza; Weber, Gerhard-Wilhelm (Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, 2018-5-18)
Closed-Loop Supply Chain (CLSC) management has attained appreciable attention over the last few years. CLSC management allows companies to manage their recovery and recycling activities of end products. Due to the latest developments in the world, producers are responsible for the collection, refurbishing, repairing and disassembly of end products at the end of their lives. This paper develops a mixed-integer CLSC model that is inspired by the automotive industry. In this model, we consider three Decision M...
A Prototype Risk Management Decision Support Tool for Construction Projects
Arıkan, Ae; Dikmen Toker, İrem; Birgönül, Mustafa Talat (null; 2009-09-30)
Although risk management (RM) is accepted as one of the critical success factors for construction projects, project participants generally do not have sufficient knowledge pertinent to RM concept and the number of support tools which facilitate the process is rather low. Decision support tools are necessary for the systematic identification of risks, scenario generation, and proactive management of risk and integration of RM activities with other project management functions. The aim of this study is to int...
Citation Formats
A. M. Knights et al., “An exposure-effect approach for evaluating ecosystem-wide risks from human activities,” ICES JOURNAL OF MARINE SCIENCE, pp. 1105–1115, 2015, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/32223.