Analysing Opportunities and Challenges of Integrated Blockchain Technologies in Healthcare

2018-09-20
Blockchain is a disruptive technology with the potential to have a significant impact on business models and industries, similar to the adoption of Internet. Blockchain promotes distributed, open, inclusive, immutable, and secure architectural approaches, instead of centralized, hidden, exclusive, and alterable alternatives. The adoption of blockchain in the healthcare domain offers promising solutions for securing communications among stakeholders, efficient delivery of clinical reports, and integrating various kinds of private health records of individuals on a secure infrastructure. Accordingly, the main aim of this study is to propose a holistic blockchain structure covering all stakeholders in the healthcare domain and to analyse opportunities and challenges by presenting an integrated blockchain architecture. The comprehensive view of blockchain based healthcare system consists of services as follows: personal medical health record storage and access, personal genomic data storage and access, inventory tracking and buy-sell mechanism, health research commons, health document notary services, doctor services, digital health wallet, peer-to peer insurance. The opportunities of using blockchain in the healthcare domain are considered with respect to several viewpoints such as transparency, accountability, decentralization, record accuracy, secure transactions, interoperability, lower costs, collaboration, agility, individualized care with specialized treatment, improved diagnosis methods, risk of insurance contract, prevention of counterfeit drugs and improved quality of medical research. Challenges associated with the implementation of blockchain in the healthcare domain are also highlighted, such as governance, lack of legacy, privacy, sustainability, scalability, adoption of participation, and cost of operations.

Suggestions

Topology-Aware Cooperative Data Protection in Blockchain-Based Decentralized Storage Networks
Yang, Siyi; Hareedy, Ahmed; Calderbank, Robert; Dolecek, Lara (2020-06-01)
The continuous rise of the blockchain technology is moving various information systems towards decentralization. Blockchain-based decentralized storage networks (DSNs) offer significantly higher privacy and lower costs to customers compared with centralized cloud storage associated with specific vendors. Coding is required to retrieve data stored on failing components. While coding solutions for centralized storage have been intensely studied, those for DSNs have not yet been discussed. In this paper, we pr...
Decentralized secure multiparty computation
Taşcı, Buse; Cenk, Murat; Department of Cryptography (2019)
Advances in blockchain technology have led to new applications that aim to eliminate central systems, to improve transparency and user control in transactions whiledealing with the privacy and security challenges. In this thesis, a system which enables users to control their private data and to share chosen data to other parties usingsecure computation techniques is reviewed. Then, we present a blockchain-based digital identity system depending on this architecture. This system ensures that identity informa...
Analysis of electronic signature in Turkey from the legal and economic perspectives and the awareness level in the country
İskender, Gökhan; Koçyiğit, Altan; Department of Information Systems (2006)
As in the case of other information technologies, the best way of obtaining efficient results from electronic signature application is integrating it to the legal and economic systems and increasing the awareness level of technology in the society. This thesis performs the legal and economic analyses of electronic signature in Turkey and measures the awareness level in the society. The analyses performed in the thesis show that electronic signature is not legally established in Turkey even the legal base is...
Implications of Blockchain Technology in the Health Domain
Baysal, Merve Vildan; Özcan Top, Özden; Betin Can, Aysu (2021-09-09)
Blockchains are tamper-evident and tamper-resistant digital ledgers. Due to their distributed and shared nature, and their cryptographic functions, blockchains are resilient to alterations. They provide a trustworthy environment for the data stored in the ledgers. However, each new technology brings its own challenges along with the opportunities. Our minds are still busy with the question of “how could blockchain technology potentially benefit us?” In this paper, we approach to this question from the healt...
Joint Virtual Machine Embedding and Wireless Data Center Topology Management
Bütün, Beyza; Onur, Ertan; Department of Computer Engineering (2022-5-10)
With emerging technologies such as the Internet of Things and 5G, generated data grows enormously. Hence, Data Center Networks (DCNs) have an important duty to store and process a significant amount of data, which makes them a critical component of the network. To meet the massive amount of traffic demands, wired DCNs need to deploy large numbers of servers and power-hungry switches, and huge lengths of wires. An enormous increase in the usage of cables causes high cabling complexity and cost while deployin...
Citation Formats
E. Gökalp, M. O. Gökalp, and P. E. Eren, “Analysing Opportunities and Challenges of Integrated Blockchain Technologies in Healthcare,” 2018, vol. 333, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/32237.