Design assessment of a 150 kWt CFBC Test Unit

For clean and efficient energy generation from coal, the most suitable technology known to date is 'Fluidized Bed Combustion' technology. Applications of circulating fluidized bed (CFB) combustion technology have been steadily increasing in both capacity and number over the past decade. Designs of these units have been based on the combustion tests carried out in pilot scale facilities to determine the combustion and desulfurization characteristics of coal and limestone reserves in CFB conditions. Similarly, utilization of Turkish lignites in CFB boilers necessitates adaptation of CFB combustion technology to these resources. However, the design of these test units are not based on firing coals with high ash, volatile matter and sulfur contents like Turkish lignites. For this purpose, a 150 kWt CFB combustor test unit is designed and constructed in Chemical Engineering Department of Middle East Technical University, based on the extensive experience acquired at the existing 0.3 MWt Bubbling Atmospheric Fluidized Bed Combustor (AFBC) Test Rig. Following the commissioning tests, a combustion test is carried out for investigation of combustion characteristics of an lignite in CFB conditions and for assessment of the design of test unit. Comparison of the design outputs with experimental results reveals that most of the predictions and assumptions have acceptable agreement with the operating conditions. In conclusion, the performance of 150 kWt CFBC Test Unit is found to be satisfactory to be utilized for the long term research studies on combustion and desulfurization characteristics of indigenous lignite reserves in circulating fluidized bed combustors.


Analytical Modelling, Simulation and Comparative Study of Multi-Junction Solar Cells Efficiency
Hadjdida, Abdelkader; Bourahla, Mohamed; Ertan, Hulusi Bülent; Bekhti, Mohamed (2018-12-01)
Currently, solar energy is promising the primary source of renewable energy that has a great potential to generate power for an extremely low operating cost when compared to already existing power generation technologies. Increasing the efficiency of solar cells is a major goal and the prominent factor in photovoltaic system research. Current triple junction solar cells reach 30% and the next generation will bring 35% in 5 years to peak at 40%. These cells are used in space environment and in terrestrial sy...
Study of water-oil emulsion combustion in large pilot power plants for fine particle matter emission reduction
Allouis, Christophe Gerard; L'Insalata, A.; Fortunato, L.; Saponaro, A.; Beretta, F. (2007-04-01)
The combustion of heavy fuel oil for power generation is a great source of carbonaceous and inorganic particle emissions, even though the combustion technologies and their efficiency are improving. The information about the size distribution function of the particles originated by trace metals present into the fuels is not adequate. In this paper, we focused our attention the influence of emulsion oil-water on the larger distribution mode of both the carbonaceous and metallic particles. Isokinetic sampling ...
Fabrication and characterization of single crystalline silicon solar cells
Es, Fırat; Turan, Raşit; Department of Physics (2010)
The electricity generation using photovoltaic (PV) solar cells is the most viable and promising alternative to the fossil-fuel based technologies which are threatening world’s climate. PV cells directly convert solar energy into electrical power through an absorption process that takes place in a solid state device which is commonly fabricated using semiconductors. These devices can be employed for many years with almost no degradation and maintenance. PV technologies have been diversified in different dire...
Ekiz, Ahmet; Camci, Talha; Turkmen, Ibrahim; SANKIR, MEHMET; USLU, SITKI; Baker, Derek Keıth; Agar, Ertan (2011-09-01)
Fuel cell technology is one of the most economic and efficient ways to utilize hydrogen energy. Various types of fuel cells are present regarding the fuel type and amount of power produced. Among these, proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) are very promising. In this work, a 2D proton exchange membrane fuel cell unit cell was modeled using Comsol Multiphysics software. Cell section was taken parallel to flow direction. Obstacles with various geometries were placed in the flow channel in order to for...
Modeling and financial analysis of a solar-biomass hybrid power plant in Turkey
Özdemir, Merve; Yozgatlıgil, Ahmet; Department of Mechanical Engineering (2017)
Solar thermal and biomass combustion systems can be hybridized via a Rankine cycle to have a continuous electricity generation and lower CO2 footprint. Disadvantages of these two renewable technologies can be overcome by hybridization. In this work; we develop a simulation model for Rankine cycle based, solar-biomass hybrid power plants using the ASPEN PLUS software. Solar parabolic collectors and biomass combustion are arranged in parallel to produce steam for power generation. Using the simulation model; ...
Citation Formats
A. Batu, N. Selçuk, and G. Külah, “Design assessment of a 150 kWt CFBC Test Unit,” EXPERIMENTAL THERMAL AND FLUID SCIENCE, pp. 275–281, 2010, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: