Extended Target Tracking Using Gaussian Processes

Wahlström, Niklas
Özkan, Emre
In this paper, we propose using Gaussian processes to track an extended object or group of objects, that generates multiple measurements at each scan. The shape and the kinematics of the object are simultaneously estimated, and the shape is learned online via a Gaussian process. The proposed algorithm is capable of tracking different objects with different shapes within the same surveillance region. The shape of the object is expressed analytically, with well-defined confidence intervals, which can be used for gating and association. Furthermore, we use an efficient recursive implementation of the algorithm by deriving a state space model in which the Gaussian process regression problem is cast into a state estimation problem.


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Extended target/object tracking (ETT) problem involves tracking objects which potentially generate multiple measurements at a single sensor scan. State-of-the-art ETT algorithms can efficiently exploit the available information in these measurements such that they can track the dynamic behaviour of objects and learn their shapes simultaneously. Once the shape estimate of an object is formed, it can naturally be utilized by high-level tasks such as classification of the object type. In this work, we propose ...
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New models and inference techniques for Gaussian process-based extended object tracking
Kumru, Murat; Özkan, Emre; Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering (2022-9-09)
In this thesis, we consider the problem of tracking dynamic objects with unknown shapes using point cloud measurements generated by, e.g., lidars, radars, and depth cameras. The point measurements do not only convey information about the object pose, i.e., position and orientation, but they also naturally reveal the characteristics of its latent extent. Aiming to harness the full potential of the available information, we investigate the Gaussian process-based extended object tracking (GPEOT) framework. W...
Citation Formats
N. Wahlström and E. Özkan, “Extended Target Tracking Using Gaussian Processes,” IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SIGNAL PROCESSING, pp. 4165–4178, 2015, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/33280.