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Simplified model for computer-aided analysis of integral bridges

This paper presents a computer-aided approach for the design of integral-abutment bridges. An analysis procedure and a simplified structure model are proposed for the design of integral-abutment bridges considering their actual behavior and load distribution among their various components. A computer program, for the analysis of integral-abutment bridges, has been developed using the proposed analysis procedure and structure model. The program is capable of analyzing an integral-abutment bridge for each construction stage and carrying the effects of applied loads on the structure members from a previous construction stage to the next. The proposed analysis methods and structure models are compared with the conventional analysis method and structure model currently used by many structural engineers for the design of integral-abutment bridges. The benefits of using the proposed analysis method and simplified structure model for the design of integral-abutment bridges are discussed. It was concluded that it may be possible to obtain more sound and economical designs for integral-abutment bridges using the proposed analysis method and structure model.