Sharing the costs and benefits of climate change mitigation via Shapley value

Luqman, Muhammad
Soytaş, Uğur
Peng, Sui
Huang, Shaoan
This paper examines the free rider problem that exists in the joint effort to mitigate climate change. There is a need to develop a model that is stable and that provides evidence of an objective burden sharing rule so that the environmental agreement is more acceptable. This study approaches this problem via a cooperative game at the global level to make International Environmental Agreements (IEA) more stable. For this purpose, we apply the Shapley value transfer mechanism and find that under the commitment scenario, some regions attain the maximum benefits by joining the coalition. Shapley value transfer improves the coalition size and increases the global benefits at a certain level of abatement under perfect cooperation. Imperfect cooperation leads to lower levels of global benefits. Our findings offer new implications on how to improve the international cooperation for climate change. Commitments by major regions could activate the IEA (e.g., Paris agreement) efficiently. For the maximum global response to climate change, the national governments must reformulate and implement policies to meet their intended nationally determined contributions (INDCs). The results of this study also help the national governments to set their implementation priorities to implement the Paris Accord at global level.


Assessing the effects of wind farms on soil organic carbon.
Pekkan, Ozge Isik; Şenyel Kürkçüoğlu, Müzeyyen Anıl; Cabuk, Saye Nihan; Aksoy, Talha; Yilmazel, Burcu; Kucukpehlivan, Tuncay; Dabanli, Ahmet; Cabuk, Alper; Cetin, Mehmet (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2021-01-06)
Wind energy is considered one of the cleanest and most sustainable resources among renewable energy sources. However, several negative environmental impacts can be observed, unless suitable sites are selected for the establishment of wind farms. The aim of this study is to determine the change in the soil organic carbon (SOC) stock resulting from land cover changes that were caused by wind farm establishments in the Karaburun peninsula. Within the scope of the study, remote sensing and geographic informatio...
Multivariate co-integration analysis of the Kaya factors in Ghana
Asumadu-Sarkodie, Samuel; Owusu, Phebe Asantewaa (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2016-05-01)
The fundamental goal of the Government of Ghana's development agenda as enshrined in the Growth and Poverty Reduction Strategy to grow the economy to a middle income status of US$1000 per capita by the end of 2015 could be met by increasing the labour force, increasing energy supplies and expanding the energy infrastructure in order to achieve the sustainable development targets. In this study, a multivariate co-integration analysis of the Kaya factors namely carbon dioxide, total primary energy consumption...
Determinants of renewable energy consumption in Africa
Ergun, Selim Jurgen; Owusu, Phebe Asantewaa; Rivas, Maria Fernanda (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2019-05-01)
Although the role that renewable energy consumption plays on economic growth and emissions has been widely studied, there are relatively few papers focusing on the determinants of renewable energy consumption, and only one study focuses on the factors related to the share of renewables in the energy consumption in Africa. This paper contributes to the literature by filling the gap in knowledge by exploring the nexus between the share of renewables in energy consumption and social and economic variables, for...
Contrasting effects of biochar and hydrothermally treated coal gangue on leachability, bioavailability, speciation and accumulation of heavy metals by rapeseed in copper mine tailings
Munir, Mehr Ahmed Mujtaba; Liu, Guijian; Yousaf, Balal; Mian, Md Manik; Ali, Muhammad Ubaid; Ahmed, Rafay; Cheema, Ayesha Imtiyaz; Naushad, Mu (Elsevier BV, 2020-03-15)
The purpose of this research was to examine the influence of hydrothermally treated coal gangue (HTCG) with and without biochar (BC) on the leaching, bioavailability, and redistribution of chemical fractions of heavy metals (HMs) in copper mine tailing (Cu-MT). An increase in pH, water holding capacity (WHC) and soil organic carbon (SOC) were observed due to the addition of BC in combination with raw coal gangue (RCG) and HTCG. A high Cu and other HMs concentration in pore water (PW) and amended Cu-MT were ...
A methodology for evaluating environmental co-benefits in the transport sector: application to the Delhi metro
Doll, Christopher N. H.; Balaban, Osman (Elsevier BV, 2013-11-01)
This paper presents a methodology to measure the environmental co-benefits of transport initiatives, defined here as carbon emissions in conjunction with local air pollution. An evaluation tool was developed and then tested on the case of the Delhi metro. The metro is an extensive rail project spanning the Indian capital, which is also the world's first rail based Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) project. However, it has also been a flashpoint in urban policy-making in the city in recent years. This analys...
Citation Formats
M. Luqman, U. Soytaş, S. Peng, and S. Huang, “Sharing the costs and benefits of climate change mitigation via Shapley value,” ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH, pp. 33157–33168, 2019, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: